gapsensbyls

Determine price or sensitivities of gap digital options using Black-Scholes model

Description

example

PriceSens = gapsensbyls(RateSpec,StockSpec,Settle,Maturity,OptSpec,Strike,StrikeThreshold) calculates gap European digital option prices or sensitivities using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

example

PriceSens = gapsensbyls(___,Name,Value) specifies options using one or more name-value pair arguments in addition to the input arguments in the previous syntax.

Examples

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This example shows how to compute gap option prices and sensitivities using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Consider a gap call and put options on a nondividend paying stock with a strike of 57 and expiring on January 1, 2008. On July 1, 2008 the stock is trading at 50. Using this data, compute the price and sensitivity of the option if the risk-free rate is 9%, the strike threshold is 50, and the volatility is 20%.

Settle = 'Jan-1-2008';
Maturity = 'Jul-1-2008';
Compounding = -1; 
Rates = 0.09;
%create the RateSpec
RateSpec = intenvset('ValuationDate', Settle, 'StartDates', Settle,...
'EndDates', Maturity, 'Rates', Rates, 'Compounding', Compounding, 'Basis', 1);
% define the StockSpec
AssetPrice = 50;
Sigma = .2;
StockSpec = stockspec(Sigma, AssetPrice);
% define the call and put options
OptSpec = {'call'; 'put'};
Strike = 57;
StrikeThreshold = 50;
% compute the price
Pgap = gapbybls(RateSpec, StockSpec, Settle, Maturity, OptSpec,...
Strike, StrikeThreshold)
Pgap = 2×1

   -0.0053
    4.4866

% compute the gamma and delta
OutSpec = {'gamma'; 'delta'};
[Gamma ,Delta] = gapsensbybls(RateSpec, StockSpec, Settle, Maturity,... 
OptSpec, Strike, StrikeThreshold, 'OutSpec', OutSpec)
Gamma = 2×1

    0.0724
    0.0724

Delta = 2×1

    0.2852
   -0.7148

Input Arguments

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Interest-rate term structure (annualized and continuously compounded), specified by the RateSpec obtained from intenvset. For information on the interest-rate specification, see intenvset.

Data Types: struct

Stock specification for the underlying asset. For information on the stock specification, see stockspec.

stockspec handles several types of underlying assets. For example, for physical commodities the price is StockSpec.Asset, the volatility is StockSpec.Sigma, and the convenience yield is StockSpec.DividendAmounts.

Data Types: struct

Settlement or trade date for the basket option, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector of serial date numbers or date character vectors.

Data Types: double | char | cell

Maturity date for the basket option, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector of serial date numbers or date character vectors.

Data Types: double | char | cell

Definition of the option as 'call' or 'put', specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: char | cell

Pay-off strike value, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: double

Strike values that determine if the option pays off, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: double

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: [Gamma,Delta] = gapsensbybls(RateSpec,StockSpec,Settle,Maturity,OptSpec,Strike,StrikeThreshold,'OutSpec',{'gamma'; 'delta'})

Define outputs, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'OutSpec' and a NOUT- by-1 or a 1-by-NOUT cell array of character vectors with possible values of 'Price', 'Delta', 'Gamma', 'Vega', 'Lambda', 'Rho', 'Theta', and 'All'.

OutSpec = {'All'} specifies that the output is Delta, Gamma, Vega, Lambda, Rho, Theta, and Price, in that order. This is the same as specifying OutSpec to include each sensitivity.

Example: OutSpec = {'delta','gamma','vega','lambda','rho','theta','price'}

Data Types: char | cell

Output Arguments

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Expected prices or sensitivities (defined using OutSpec) for gap option, returned as a NINST-by-1 vector.

More About

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Gap Option

A gap option is a digital option in which one strike decides if the option is in or out of money and another strike decides the size the size of the payoff.

Introduced in R2009a