How to differentiate a noise signal.

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Divya Pawar
Divya Pawar on 25 Dec 2021
Commented: Mathieu NOE on 6 Jan 2022
I am doing a project of analyzing influence of tire damping using a full car state-space model with random road input. To analyze the acceleration of body, I want the data regarding acceleration of random input. Random road profile is generated as follows for my project:
Here, Zr is road excitation displacement with respect to time.
But derivative block is not giving the expected answer. Please help me to solve the problem.

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Accepted Answer

Mathieu NOE
Mathieu NOE on 6 Jan 2022
hello again
I think your model was correct only the solver parameters could be more adapted - now I forced the solver to use fixed steps (and equal to Ts = 1/Fs); your original settings was "variable step size" which for me seemed incorrect to me
also you can avoid filling your workspace with all the default data that simulink generates (section "Save to Workspace" below) so I unticked all of them (you have a dedicted block for the output in your model so that suffices)
at the end the curve looks better as you had expected
this is you script with minor modification (Ts and stepsize are defined from Fs and not independently)
m1= 40; % unsprung mass
c1= 600; % unsprung damping coefficient
k1= 200000; % Tire stiffness
m2=332; % sprung mass
C2=100:50:3500; % suspension damping
k2= 25000; % suspension stiffness
%velocity of vehicle in m/s
T_s= 10;
% Sampling frequency
Fs= 1000;
stepsize= 1/Fs; % could be replaced by Ts below...
Ts= 1/Fs; % sampling period Ts=1/Fs
seed= 23341;
Gq= 256*10^-6; % road roughness in m^3
M= [m1 0; 0 m2]; % mass matrix
K= [k1+k2 -k2; -k2 k2]; %stiffness matrix
Acc_rms= zeros(n,1); % rms of acceleration vetor
for ci=1:n
c2= C2(ci);
C= [c1+c2 -c2; -c2 c2];
A= [ zeros(2) eye(2);
-M\K -M\C];
B= [ zeros(2);
1/m1 0;
0 0];
C= eye(4);
D= zeros(4,2);
Acceleration= x1(:,4);
Acc_rms(ci)= rms(Acceleration);
plot(C2, Acc_rms ,'r', 'LineWidth', 2);
xlabel('Damping Coefficients, Ns/m');
ylabel('Acceleration, m/s^2');
grid on
attached is your model with the new solver parameters
all the best

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