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Suppose I have the following:

syms x y

Vec_sym = [1/x, x/(x^2 + y^2), y/x]; %1x3 symbolic vector

Matrix_sym = [1/x, x/(x^2 + y^2), y/x;

2/x, x/(2*x^2 + y^2), y/(6*x);

9/x, 4*x/(x^2 + 2*y^2), 2*y/x];%3x3 symbolic matrix

Vec_func = matlabFunction(Vec_sym ); %Converting to matlabFunction

Matrix_func = matlabFunction(Matrix_sym ); %Converting to matlabFunction

The output of 'Vec_func' or 'Matrix_func' is always a 1x1 matlabFunction, which I do not want. How can I modify this code such that by entering the following, I get:

Vec_func(1,1) = [1, 0.5, 1];

Matrix_func(1,1) = [1, 0.5, 1;

2, 0.333, 0.167;

9, 1.333, 2] %please ignore the precision after decimal

I want to put this function in ode solver, ans using 'subs' and other symbolic operators take a lot of time, which is agonizing. Note that the variables x, y change/update within the ode code and the above is just a simplified example, in the real scenario I have a, say 10x1 vector and 5x5 matrix. Thanks a lot in advance, as the documentation of 'matlabFunctions' did not help me much.

Steven Lord
on 2 Feb 2018

You're confusing two different sizes. The output of matlabFunction is a function handle. Non-scalar function handle arrays are not allowed. But the fact that Vec_func and Matrix_func are scalar function handles is irrelevant in this case. You're not interested in the size of the function handle, you're interested in the size of the array the function handle returns when it is called. That can be non-scalar, and for your particular function handles those arrays are non-scalar.

syms x y

Vec_sym = [1/x, x/(x^2 + y^2), y/x]; %1x3 symbolic vector

Matrix_sym = [1/x, x/(x^2 + y^2), y/x;

2/x, x/(2*x^2 + y^2), y/(6*x);

9/x, 4*x/(x^2 + 2*y^2), 2*y/x];%3x3 symbolic matrix

Vec_func = matlabFunction(Vec_sym ); %Converting to matlabFunction

Matrix_func = matlabFunction(Matrix_sym ); %Converting to matlabFunction

szVec = size(Vec_func)

szMat = size(Matrix_func)

That code displays (in format compact, which just gets rid of a few blank lines):

szVec =

1 1

szMat =

1 1

What happens when you evaluate Vec_func and Matrix_func?

>> Vec_func(1, 1)

ans =

1.0000 0.5000 1.0000

>> Matrix_func(1, 1)

ans =

1.0000 0.5000 1.0000

2.0000 0.3333 0.1667

9.0000 1.3333 2.0000

Torsten
on 23 May 2017

I wonder why you don't just define

Vec_func = @(x,y)[1/x, x/(x^2 + y^2), y/x];

Matrix_func = @(x,y) [1/x,x/(x^2 + y^2),y/x ; 2/x, x/(2*x^2 + y^2), y/(6*x); 9/x, 4*x/(x^2 + 2*y^2),2*y/x];

I think the problem with "matlabFunction" is the case when x and y are vectors, not scalars.

Then your (3x3) object becomes a 3x(3*N) object - a case MATLAB doesn't want to handle.

Best wishes

Torsten.

Walter Roberson
on 2 Feb 2018

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