I am using my Canon 5D Mark IV to acquire images of star fields. Often in Astro photography the most interesting features have very low intensity compared to the noise level.
The noise level in RAW camera images should not be exposed to compression schemes. I enclose one image above, where the red channel of the image displayed (an astronomical image with a few high intensity stars) is a correct representation of what MATLAB displays - but clearly there is a problem with the lowest intensity levels of the image. It appears as if MATLAB is utilizing lossy compression scheme, which in the appeararance looks like JPEG compression.
I would like to know how to switch off the compression, if anybody knows.
Here is the code used to display the image in MATLAB
>> imshow(mytiny2,[10 30]);
Below is shown the same image - but processed with PIXINSIGHT - please note the noise background in this image - no lossy compression artefacts, no large square patches- a telltale of compression.