# ceil

Round toward positive infinity

## Syntax

• `Y = ceil(t)` example
• `Y = ceil(t,unit)` example

## Description

example

````Y = ceil(X)` rounds each element of `X` to the nearest integer greater than or equal to that element.```

example

````Y = ceil(t)` rounds each element of the `duration` array `t` to the nearest number of seconds greater than or equal to that element.```

example

````Y = ceil(t,unit)` rounds each element of `t` to the nearest number of the specified unit of time greater than or equal to that element.```

## Examples

collapse all

### Round Matrix Elements Toward Positive Infinity

```X = [-1.9 -0.2 3.4; 5.6 7 2.4+3.6i]; Y = ceil(X) ```
```Y = -1.0000 + 0.0000i 0.0000 + 0.0000i 4.0000 + 0.0000i 6.0000 + 0.0000i 7.0000 + 0.0000i 3.0000 + 4.0000i ```

### Round Duration Values Toward Positive Infinity

Round each value in a duration array to the nearest number of seconds greater than or equal to that value.

```t = hours(8) + minutes(29:31) + seconds(1.23); t.Format = 'hh:mm:ss.SS' ```
```t = 08:29:01.23 08:30:01.23 08:31:01.23 ```
```Y1 = ceil(t) ```
```Y1 = 08:29:02.00 08:30:02.00 08:31:02.00 ```

Round each value in t to the nearest number of hours greater than or equal to that value.

```Y2 = ceil(t,'hours') ```
```Y2 = 09:00:00.00 09:00:00.00 09:00:00.00 ```

## Input Arguments

collapse all

### `X` — Input arrayscalar | vector | matrix | multidimensional array

Input array, specified as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array. For complex `X`, `ceil` treats the real and imaginary parts independently.

`ceil` converts logical and `char` elements of `X` into `double` values.

Data Types: `single` | `double` | `int8` | `int16` | `int32` | `int64` | `uint8` | `uint16` | `uint32` | `uint64` | `char` | `logical`
Complex Number Support: Yes

### `t` — Input duration`duration` array

Input duration, specified as a `duration` array.

### `unit` — Unit of time`'seconds'` (default) | `'minutes'` | `'hours'` | `'days'`

Unit of time, specified as `'seconds'`, `'minutes'`, `'hours'`, or `'days'`.