# Documentation

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# slice

Volumetric slice plot

## Syntax

`slice(V,sx,sy,sz)slice(X,Y,Z,V,sx,sy,sz)slice(V,XI,YI,ZI)slice(X,Y,Z,V,XI,YI,ZI)slice(...,'method')slice(axes_handle,...)h = slice(...)`

## Description

`slice` displays orthogonal slice planes through volumetric data.

`slice(V,sx,sy,sz)` draws slices along the x, y, z directions in the volume `V` at the points in the vectors `sx`, `sy`, and `sz`. `V` is an m-by-n-by-p volume array containing data values at the default location ```X = 1:n```, `Y = 1:m`, `Z =` `1:p`. Each element in the vectors `sx`, `sy`, and `sz` defines a slice plane in the x-, y-, or z-axis direction.

`slice(X,Y,Z,V,sx,sy,sz)` draws slices of the volume `V`. `X`, `Y`, and `Z` are three-dimensional arrays specifying the coordinates for `V`. `X`, `Y`, and `Z` must be monotonic and orthogonally spaced (as if produced by the function `meshgrid`). The color at each point is determined by 3-D interpolation into the volume `V`.

`slice(V,XI,YI,ZI)` draws data in the volume `V` for the slices defined by `XI`, `YI`, and `ZI`. `XI`, `YI`, and `ZI` are matrices that define a surface, and the volume is evaluated at the surface points. `XI`, `YI`, and `ZI` must all be the same size.

`slice(X,Y,Z,V,XI,YI,ZI)` draws slices through the volume `V` along the surface defined by the arrays `XI`, `YI`, `ZI`.

`slice(...,'method')` specifies the interpolation method. `'``method``'` is `'linear'`, `'cubic'`, or `'nearest'`.

• `linear` specifies trilinear interpolation (the default).

• `cubic` specifies tricubic interpolation.

• `nearest` specifies nearest-neighbor interpolation.

`slice(axes_handle,...)` plots into the axes with the handle `axes_handle` instead of into the current axes object (`gca`). The axes `clim` property is set to span the finite values of `V`.

`h = slice(...)` returns a vector of handles to surface graphics objects.

## Examples

Visualize the function

`$v=x{e}^{\left(-{x}^{2}-{y}^{2}-{z}^{2}\right)}$`

over the range –2 ≤ x ≤ 2, –2 ≤y ≤2, – 2 ≤ z ≤2:

```[x,y,z] = meshgrid(-2:.2:2,-2:.25:2,-2:.16:2); v = x.*exp(-x.^2-y.^2-z.^2); xslice = [-1.2,.8,2]; yslice = 2; zslice = [-2,0]; slice(x,y,z,v,xslice,yslice,zslice) colormap hsv ```

### Slicing At Arbitrary Angles

You can also create slices that are oriented in arbitrary planes. To do this,

For example, these statements slice the volume in the first example with a rotated plane. Placing these commands within a `for` loop "passes" the plane through the volume along the z-axis.

 Note:   Starting in R2014b, you can use dot notation to set and query properties. If you are using an earlier release, use the `set` and `get` functions instead, such as `xd = get(hsp,'XData')`.
```[x,y,z] = meshgrid(-2:.2:2,-2:.25:2,-2:.16:2); v = x.*exp(-x.^2-y.^2-z.^2); figure colormap hsv for k = -2:.05:2 hsp = surf(linspace(-2,2,20),linspace(-2,2,20),... zeros(20) + k); rotate(hsp,[1,-1,1],30) xd = hsp.XData; yd = hsp.YData; zd = hsp.ZData; delete(hsp) slice(x,y,z,v,[-2,2],2,-2) % Draw some volume boundaries hold on slice(x,y,z,v,xd,yd,zd) hold off view(-5,10) axis([-2.5 2.5 -2 2 -2 4]) drawnow end```

The following picture illustrates three positions of the same slice surface as it passes through the volume.

### Slicing with a Nonplanar Surface

You can slice the volume with any surface. This example probes the volume created in the previous example by passing a spherical slice surface through the volume.

 Note:   Starting in R2014b, you can use dot notation to set and query properties. If you are using an earlier release, use the `set` and `get` functions instead, such as `xd = get(hsp,'XData')`.
```[xsp,ysp,zsp] = sphere; slice(x,y,z,v,[-2,2],2,-2) colormap hsv for i = -3:.2:3 hsp = surface(xsp+i,ysp,zsp); rotate(hsp,[1 0 0],90) xd = hsp.XData; yd = hsp.YData; zd = hsp.ZData; delete(hsp) hold on hslicer = slice(x,y,z,v,xd,yd,zd); axis tight xlim([-3,3]) view(-10,35) drawnow delete(hslicer) hold off end ```

The following picture illustrates three positions of the spherical slice surface as it passes through the volume.

collapse all

### Tips

The color drawn at each point is determined by interpolation into the volume `V`.