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Deploy Wafer Map Defect Classifier as Microservice Using Docker

This example shows how to create a microservice Docker® image from the wafer map defect classifier described in Classify Defects on Wafer Maps Using Deep Learning (Image Processing Toolbox). The microservice image created by MATLAB® Compiler SDK™ provides an HTTP/HTTPS endpoint to access MATLAB code.

You package a MATLAB function into a deployable archive, and then create a Docker image that contains the archive and a minimal MATLAB Runtime package. You can then run the image in Docker and make calls to the service using any of the MATLAB Production Server™ client APIs.

Required Products

Type ver at the MATLAB command prompt to verify whether the following products are installed:


  • Deep Learning Toolbox™

  • MATLAB Compiler™

  • MATLAB Compiler SDK


Create an Inference Function

First, create a function in a separate file called waferdefect.m that performs the inference

function prediction = waferdefect(image)
    %classify the wafer images in the batch and return the results
    prediction = string(classify(preTrainedNetwork,imresize(imread(image), [48,48])));

Test the function from the MATLAB command line using the included image, shown below.


[im, cmap] = imread("waferimage.jpg");
imshow(im, cmap)
%% Detect objects in image
prediction = waferdefect(im)

prediction = "Edge-Loc"

Note: For this example, the "waferimage.jpg" file for testing the classifier will be included under the AdditionalFiles argument. In practice, the images would likely be captured by a camera periodically.

Create Deployable Archive

Next, package the waferdefect function into a deployable archive using the function.

You can specify additional options in the command by using name-value arguments. For details, see

deployableArchive ='waferdefect.m',...
ArchiveName='waferdefectclassifier', AdditionalFiles=["CNN-WM811K.mat", "waferimage.jpg"], Verbose=true);

Once the build is complete, the function creates a folder named waferdefectproductionServerArchive in your current directory to store the deployable archive.

Package Archive into Microservice Docker Image

Build the microservice Docker image using the deployableArchive object that you created.

You can specify additional options in the command by using name-value arguments. For details, see compiler.package.microserviceDockerImage.


This function creates a Docker container image in your local container repository called waferdefectclassifier. You can verify that the Docker container image was created by opening a command window and typing in the following command

docker images
REPOSITORY                                                               TAG               IMAGE ID       CREATED              SIZE
waferdefectclassifier                                                    latest            809ec52ec3f9   About a minute ago   6.96GB
matlabruntime/r2023a/release/update3/f08140002000000010                  latest            e46173b11d3c   2 days ago    

In addition, the function generates a MicroserviceDockerContext folder in your current directory with the following files:

  • applicationFilesForMATLABCompiler/waferdefect.ctf — Deployable archive file.

  • Dockerfile — Docker file that specifies Docker run-time options.

  • GettingStarted.txt — Text file that contains deployment information.

The GettingStarted.txt file contains the commands you will use to start the microservice locally for testing

docker run --rm -p 9900:9910 waferdefectclassifier -l trace &

Port 9910 is the default port exposed by the microservice within the Docker container. You can map it to any available port on your host machine. For this example, it is mapped to port 9900.

You can specify additional options in the Docker command. For a complete list of options, see Microservice Command Arguments.

Once the microservice container is running in Docker, you can check the status of the service by going to the following URL in a web browser:


If the service is ready to receive requests, you see the following message:

"status: ok"

Test the running service. In the terminal, use the curl command to send a JSON query to the service through port 9900. For more information on constructing JSON requests, see JSON Representation of MATLAB Data Types.

Linux and macOS Terminal

curl -v -H Content-Type:application/json \
-d '{"nargout":1,"rhs":["https://<path_to_the_image_file>"]}' \ 
"http://localhost:9900/waferdefectclassifier/waferdefect" | jq -c

Windows PowerShell

Invoke-RestMethod -Uri 'http://localhost:9900/waferdefectclassifier/waferdefect' -Method Post -ContentType 'application/json' -Body '{"nargout":1,"rhs":[""]}' | ConvertTo-Json

The output is:

{"lhs":[{"mwdata": "Edge-Loc", "mwsize": "1 1", "mwtype": "string"}]}

Share Docker Image

You can share your Docker image in various ways.

  • Push your image to the Docker central registry DockerHub, or to your private registry. This is the most common workflow.

  • Save your image as a tar archive and share it with others. This workflow is suitable for immediate testing.

For details about pushing your image to DockerHub or your private registry, consult the Docker documentation.

Save Docker Image as Tar Archive

To save your Docker image as a tar archive, open a system command window, navigate to the Docker context folder, and type the following.

docker save waferdefectclassifier -o waferdefectclassifier.tar

This command creates a file named waferdefectclassifier.tar in the current folder. Set the appropriate permissions (for example, using chmod) prior to sharing the tarball with other users.

Load Docker Image from Tar Archive

Load the image contained in the tarball on the end user machine.

docker load --input waferdefectclassifier.tar

Verify that the image is loaded.

docker images

Run Docker Image

docker run --rm -p 9900:9910 waferdefectclassifier

See Also

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