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Numeric Model of SISO Feedback Loop

This example shows how to interconnect numeric LTI models representing multiple system components to build a single numeric model of a closed-loop system, using model arithmetic and interconnection commands.

Construct a model of the following single-loop control system.

The feedback loop includes a plant G(s), a controller C(s), and a representation of sensor dynamics, S(s). The system also includes a prefilter F(s).

  1. Create model objects representing each of the components.

    G = zpk([],[-1,-1],1);
    C = pid(2,1.3,0.3,0.5);
    S = tf(5,[1 4]);
    F = tf(1,[1 1]);

    The plant G is a zero-pole-gain (zpk) model with a double pole at s = –1. Model object C is a PID controller. The models F and S are transfer functions.

  2. Connect the controller and plant models.

    H = G*C;

    To combine models using the multiplication operator *, enter the models in reverse order compared to the block diagram.


    Alternatively, construct H(s) using the series command:

    H = series(C,G);
  3. Construct the unfiltered closed-loop response T(s)=H1+HS.

    T = feedback(H,S);


    Do not use model arithmetic to construct T algebraically:

    T = H/(1+H*S)

    This computation duplicates the poles of H, which inflates the model order and might lead to computational inaccuracy.

  4. Construct the entire closed-loop system response from r to y.

    T_ry = T*F;

T_ry is a Numeric LTI Model representing the aggregate closed-loop system. T_ry does not keep track of the coefficients of the components G, C, F, and S.

You can operate on T_ry with any Control System Toolbox™ control design or analysis commands.

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