minus, -

Quaternion subtraction

Syntax

C = A - B

Description

example

C = A - B subtracts quaternion B from quaternion A using quaternion subtraction. Either A or B may be a real number, in which case subtraction is performed with the real part of the quaternion argument.

Examples

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Quaternion subtraction is defined as the subtraction of the corresponding parts of each quaternion. Create two quaternions and perform subtraction.

Q1 = quaternion([1,0,-2,7]);
Q2 = quaternion([1,2,3,4]);

Q1minusQ2 = Q1 - Q2
Q1minusQ2 = quaternion
     0 - 2i - 5j + 3k

Addition and subtraction of real numbers is defined for quaternions as acting on the real part of the quaternion. Create a quaternion and then subtract 1 from the real part.

Q = quaternion([1,1,1,1])
Q = quaternion
     1 + 1i + 1j + 1k

Qminus1 = Q - 1
Qminus1 = quaternion
     0 + 1i + 1j + 1k

Input Arguments

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Input, specified as a quaternion, array of quaternions, real number, or array of real numbers.

Data Types: quaternion | single | double

Input, specified as a quaternion, array of quaternions, real number, or array of real numbers.

Data Types: quaternion | single | double

Output Arguments

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Result of quaternion subtraction, returned as a scalar, vector, matrix, or multidimensional array of quaternions.

Data Types: quaternion

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Introduced in R2018a