If the sizes of
B are compatible,
then the two arrays implicitly expand to match each other. For example, if
B is a scalar, then the scalar is
combined with each element of the other array. Also, vectors with different
orientations (one row vector and one column vector) implicitly expand to form a
Create an array,
A, and subtract a scalar value from it.
A = [2 1; 3 5]; C = A - 2
C = 2×2 0 -1 1 3
The scalar is subtracted from each entry of
Create two arrays,
B, and subtract the second,
B, from the first,
A = [1 0; 2 4]; B = [5 9; 2 1]; C = A - B
C = 2×2 -4 -9 0 3
The elements of
B are subtracted from the corresponding elements of
Use the syntax
-C to negate the elements of
ans = 2×2 4 9 0 -3
Create a 1-by-2 row vector and 3-by-1 column vector and subtract them.
a = 1:2; b = (1:3)'; a - b
ans = 3×2 0 1 -1 0 -2 -1
The result is a 3-by-2 matrix, where each (i,j) element in the matrix is equal to a
(j) - b(i):
Create a matrix,
A. Scale the elements in each column by subtracting the mean.
A = [1 9 3; 2 7 8]
A = 2×3 1 9 3 2 7 8
A - mean(A)
ans = 2×3 -0.5000 1.0000 -2.5000 0.5000 -1.0000 2.5000
Operands, specified as scalars, vectors, matrices, or multidimensional
arrays. Numeric inputs
either be the same size or have sizes that are compatible (for example,
A is an
B is a scalar or
N row vector). For more
information, see Compatible Array Sizes for Basic Operations.
Operands with an integer data type cannot be complex.
Datetime, duration, and calendar duration arrays must be the same size unless one is a scalar.
If one input is a datetime array, duration array, or calendar duration array, then numeric values in the other input are treated as a number of 24-hour days.
If one input is a string array, then the other input can be a numeric, logical, character, string, or cell array.
Complex Number Support: Yes
Behavior changed in R2016b
Starting in R2016b with the addition of implicit expansion, some combinations of arguments for basic operations that previously returned errors now produce results. For example, you previously could not add a row and a column vector, but those operands are now valid for addition. In other words, an expression like
[1 2] + [1; 2] previously returned a size mismatch error, but now it executes.
If your code uses element-wise operators and relies on the errors that MATLAB® previously returned for mismatched sizes, particularly within a
catch block, then your code might no longer catch those errors.
For more information on the required input sizes for basic array operations, see Compatible Array Sizes for Basic Operations.
This function fully supports tall arrays. For more information, see Tall Arrays.
Usage notes and limitations:
64-bit integers are not supported.
For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions on a GPU (Parallel Computing Toolbox).
This function fully supports distributed arrays. For more information, see Run MATLAB Functions with Distributed Arrays (Parallel Computing Toolbox).