startsWith

Determine if strings start with pattern

Description

example

TF = startsWith(str,pattern) returns 1 (true) if str starts with the specified pattern, and returns 0 (false) otherwise.

If pattern is an array containing multiple patterns, then startsWith returns 1 if it finds that str starts with any element of pattern.

example

TF = startsWith(str,pattern,'IgnoreCase',true) ignores case when determining if str starts with pattern.

Examples

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Create a string array that contains file names. Determine which file names start with the word data.

Starting in R2017a, you can create strings using double quotes.

str = ["abstract.docx","data.tar","code.m"; ...
       "data-analysis.ppt","results.ptx","summary.ppt"]
str = 2x3 string array
    "abstract.docx"        "data.tar"       "code.m"     
    "data-analysis.ppt"    "results.ptx"    "summary.ppt"

Return a logical array where the position of each element equal to 1 corresponds to the position of a string in str that starts with data.

pattern = "data";
TF = startsWith(str,pattern)
TF = 2x3 logical array

   0   1   0
   1   0   0

Display the file names that start with data. Index back into str using TF.

str(TF)
ans = 2x1 string array
    "data-analysis.ppt"
    "data.tar"

Create a string array that contains file names. Determine which file names start with either abstract or data.

Starting in R2017a, you can create strings using double quotes.

str = ["abstract.docx","data.tar.gz","mycode.m","results.ptx"]
str = 1x4 string array
    "abstract.docx"    "data.tar.gz"    "mycode.m"    "results.ptx"

pattern = ["abstract","data"];
TF = startsWith(str,pattern)
TF = 1x4 logical array

   1   1   0   0

Display the strings that start with either abstract or data. Index back into str using TF.

str(TF)
ans = 1x2 string array
    "abstract.docx"    "data.tar.gz"

Create a string array that contains file names. Determine which file names start with data, ignoring case.

Starting in R2017a, you can create strings using double quotes.

str = ["DATA.TAR.GZ","data.xlsx","SUMMARY.PPT","tmp.gz"]
str = 1x4 string array
    "DATA.TAR.GZ"    "data.xlsx"    "SUMMARY.PPT"    "tmp.gz"

pattern = "data";
TF = startsWith(str,pattern,'IgnoreCase',true)
TF = 1x4 logical array

   1   1   0   0

Display the strings that start with data. Index back into str using TF.

str(TF)
ans = 1x2 string array
    "DATA.TAR.GZ"    "data.xlsx"

Create a character vector that contains the name of a file. Determine if the name starts with different patterns.

chr = 'data-analysis.ppt'
chr = 
'data-analysis.ppt'
TF = startsWith(chr,'data')
TF = logical
   1

TF = startsWith(chr,'test')
TF = logical
   0

Input Arguments

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Input text, specified as a string array, a character vector, or a cell array of character vectors.

Search pattern, specified as a string array, a character vector, or a cell array of character vectors.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2016b