# Discrete Derivative

Compute discrete-time derivative

• Library:

## Description

The Discrete Derivative block computes an optionally scaled discrete time derivative as follows

$y\left({t}_{n}\right)=K\left(\frac{u\left({t}_{n}\right)-u\left({t}_{n-1}\right)}{{T}_{s}}\right)$

where

• $u\left({t}_{n}\right)$ and $y\left({t}_{n}\right)$ are the block input and output at the current time step, respectively.

• $u\left({t}_{n-1}\right)$ is the block input at the previous time step.

• $K$ is an optional scaling factor, specified using the Gain value parameter.

• ${T}_{s}$ is the simulation's discrete step size, which must be fixed.

Note

Do not use this block in subsystems with a nonperiodic trigger (for example, nonperiodic function-call subsystems). This configuration produces inaccurate results.

## Ports

### Input

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Input signal, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | fixed point

### Output

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Optionally scaled discrete-time derivative, specified as a scalar, vector, or matrix. For more information on how the block computes the discrete-time derivative, see Description. You specify the data type of the output signal with the Output data type parameter.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | fixed point

## Parameters

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### Main

Scaling factor applied to the computed derivative, specified as a real scalar value.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: gainval Type: character vector Values: scalar Default: '1.0'

Initial condition for the previous scaled input, specified as a scalar.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: ICPrevScaledInput Type: character vector Values: scalar Default: '0.0'

Specify whether the block performs sample- or frame-based processing:

• Columns as channels (frame based) — Treat each column of the input as a separate channel (frame-based processing).

Note

Frame-based processing requires a DSP System Toolbox™ license.

• Elements as channels (sample based) — Treat each element of the input as a separate channel (sample-based processing).

Use Input processing to specify whether the block performs sample- or frame-based processing. For more information about these two processing modes, see Sample- and Frame-Based Concepts (DSP System Toolbox).

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: InputProcessing Type: character vector Values: 'Columns as channels (frame based)' | 'Elements as channels (sample based)' Default: 'Elements as channels (sample based)'

### Signal Attributes

Lower value of the output range that Simulink® checks.

Simulink uses the minimum to perform:

Note

Output minimum does not saturate or clip the actual output signal. Use the Saturation block instead.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: OutMin Type: character vector Values: '[ ]'| scalar Default: '[ ]'

Upper value of the output range that Simulink checks.

Simulink uses the maximum value to perform:

Note

Output maximum does not saturate or clip the actual output signal. Use the Saturation block instead.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: OutMax Type: character vector Values: '[ ]'| scalar Default: '[ ]'

Specify the output data type. You can set it to:

• A rule that inherits a data type, for example, Inherit: Inherit via back propagation

• The name of a built-in data type, for example, single

• The name of a data type object, for example, a Simulink.NumericType object

• An expression that evaluates to a data type, for example, fixdt(1,16,0)

Click the button to display the Data Type Assistant, which helps you set the data type attributes. For more information, see Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: OutDataTypeStr Type: character vector Values: 'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule' | 'Inherit: Inherit via back propagation' | 'double' | 'single' | 'int8' | 'uint8' | 'int16' | 'uint16' | 'int32' | 'uint32' | 'int64' | 'uint64' | 'fixdt(1,16,0)' | 'fixdt(1,16,2^0,0)' Default: 'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule'

Select this parameter to prevent the fixed-point tools from overriding the Output data type you specify on the block. For more information, see Use Lock Output Data Type Setting (Fixed-Point Designer).

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: LockScale Type: character vector Values: 'off' | 'on' Default: 'off'

Specify the rounding mode for fixed-point operations. For more information, see Rounding (Fixed-Point Designer).

Block parameters always round to the nearest representable value. To control the rounding of a block parameter, enter an expression using a MATLAB® rounding function into the mask field.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: RndMeth Type: character vector Values: 'Ceiling' | 'Convergent' | 'Floor' | 'Nearest' | 'Round' | 'Simplest' | 'Zero' Default: 'Floor'

When you select this check box, overflows saturate to the maximum or minimum value that the data type can represent. Otherwise, overflows wrap.

When you select this check box, saturation applies to every internal operation on the block, not just the output or result. In general, the code generation process can detect when overflow is not possible. In this case, the code generator does not produce saturation code.

#### Programmatic Use

 Block Parameter: DoSatur Type: character vector Values: 'off' | 'on' Default: 'off'

## Block Characteristics

 Data Types double | fixed point | integer | single Direct Feedthrough no Multidimensional Signals no Variable-Size Signals yes Zero-Crossing Detection no

## Version History

Introduced before R2006a