Gradient descent (
fmincon) optimization solver, the gradients
are computed using numerical perturbation:
x is a scalar design variable.
xmin is the lower bound of x.
xmax is the upper bound of x.
xtypical is the scaled value of x.
opt_fcn is the objective function.
dx is relatively large to accommodate simulation solver tolerances.
If you want to compute the gradients in any other way, you can
do so in the cost function you write for performing design optimization