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Permute input symbols using helical array


The HelicalInterleaver object permutes the symbols in the input signal by placing them in an array in a helical arrangement and then sending rows of the array to the output port.

To helically interleave input symbols:

  1. Define and set up your helical interleaver object. See Construction.

  2. Call step to interleave input symbols according to the properties of comm.HelicalInterleaver. The behavior of step is specific to each object in the toolbox.


Starting in R2016b, instead of using the step method to perform the operation defined by the System object™, you can call the object with arguments, as if it were a function. For example, y = step(obj,x) and y = obj(x) perform equivalent operations.


H = comm.HelicalInterleaver creates a helical interleaver System object, H. This object permutes the input symbols in the input signal by placing them in an array in a helical arrangement.

H = comm.HelicalInterleaver(Name,Value) creates a helical interleaver object, H, with each specified property set to the specified value. You can specify additional name-value pair arguments in any order as (Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN).



Number of columns in helical array

Specify the number of columns in the helical array as a positive integer scalar value. The default is 6.


Size of each group of input symbols

Specify the size of each group of input symbols as a positive integer scalar value. The default is 4.


Helical array step size

Specify the number of rows of separation between consecutive input groups in their respective columns of the helical array. This property requires as a positive integer scalar value . The default is 1.


Initial conditions of helical array

Specify the value that is initially stored in the helical array as a numeric scalar value. The default is 0.


stepPermute input symbols using a helical array
Common to All System Objects

Allow System object property value changes


Reset internal states of System object


collapse all

Create helical interleaver and deinterleaver objects.

interleaver = comm.HelicalInterleaver('GroupSize',2,'NumColumns',3, ...
deinterleaver = comm.HelicalDeinterleaver('GroupSize',2,'NumColumns',3, ...

Generate random data. Interleave and then deinterleave the data.

[dataIn,dataOut] = deal([]);

for k = 1:10
    data = randi(7,6,1);
    intData = interleaver(data);
    deIntData = deinterleaver(intData);
    dataIn = cat(1,dataIn,data);
    dataOut = cat(1,dataOut,deIntData);

Determine the delay through the interleaver and deinterleaver pair.

intlvDelay = finddelay(dataIn,dataOut)
intlvDelay = 6

After taking the interleaving delay into account, confirm that the original and deinterleaved data are identical.

ans = logical


This object implements the algorithm, inputs, and outputs described on the Helical Interleaver block reference page. The object properties correspond to the block parameters.

Extended Capabilities

Version History

Introduced in R2012a