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State-level estimation for bilevel rectangular waveform

The `dsp.StateLevels`

object estimates the state levels of
a bilevel rectangular waveform.

To estimate the state levels of a bilevel waveform:

Create the

`dsp.StateLevels`

object and set its properties.Call the object with arguments, as if it were a function.

To learn more about how System objects work, see What Are System Objects?.

creates a state-level
estimation System object™, `sl`

= dsp.StateLevels`sl`

, that estimates state levels in a bilevel
rectangular waveform using the histogram method with 100 bins.

returns a `sl`

= dsp.StateLevels(`Name,Value`

)`StateLevels`

System object, `sl`

, with each specified property set to the specified
value.

To use an object function, specify the
System object as the first input argument. For
example, to release system resources of a System object named `obj`

, use
this syntax:

release(obj)

The `dsp.StateLevels`

System object uses the histogram method to estimate the states of a bilevel waveform. The
histogram method is described in [1]. To summarize the method:

Determine the maximum and minimum amplitudes and amplitude range of the data.

For the specified number of histogram bins, determine the bin width as the ratio of the amplitude range to the number of bins.

Sort the data values into the histogram bins.

Identify the lowest-indexed histogram bin,

*i*, and highest-indexed histogram bin,_{low}*i*, with nonzero counts._{high}Divide the histogram into two subhistograms. The lower-histogram bins are

*i*≤_{low}*i*≤ 1/2(*i*—_{high}*i*)._{low}The upper-histogram bins are

*i*+ 1/2(_{low}*i*–_{high}*i*) ≤_{low}*i*≤*i*._{high}Compute the state levels by determining the mode or mean of the lower and upper histograms.

[1] *IEEE ^{®} Standard on Transitions, Pulses, and Related Waveforms*, IEEE
Standard 181, 2003, pp. 15–17.