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Zero curve bootstrapping from coupon bond data given price



[ZeroRates,CurveDates] = zbtprice(Bonds,Prices,Settle) uses the bootstrap method to return a zero curve given a portfolio of coupon bonds and their prices.

A zero curve consists of the yields to maturity for a portfolio of theoretical zero-coupon bonds that are derived from the input Bonds portfolio. The bootstrap method that this function uses does not require alignment among the cash-flow dates of the bonds in the input portfolio. It uses theoretical par bond arbitrage and yield interpolation to derive all zero rates; specifically, the interest rates for cash flows are determined using linear interpolation. For best results, use a portfolio of at least 30 bonds evenly spaced across the investment horizon.


ZeroRates,CurveDates = zbtprice(___,OutputCompounding) adds an optional argument for OutputCompounding.


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Given data and prices for 12 coupon bonds, two with the same maturity date, and given the common settlement date, use datetime inputs to compute a zero curve.

Bonds = [datenum('6/1/1998')   0.0475   100  2  0  0;
         datenum('7/1/2000')   0.06     100  2  0  0;
         datenum('7/1/2000')   0.09375  100  6  1  0;
         datenum('6/30/2001')  0.05125  100  1  3  1;
         datenum('4/15/2002')  0.07125  100  4  1  0;
         datenum('1/15/2000')  0.065    100  2  0  0;
         datenum('9/1/1999')   0.08     100  3  3  0;
         datenum('4/30/2001')  0.05875  100  2  0  0;
         datenum('11/15/1999') 0.07125  100  2  0  0;
         datenum('6/30/2000')  0.07     100  2  3  1;
         datenum('7/1/2001')   0.0525   100  2  3  0;
         datenum('4/30/2002')  0.07     100  2  0  0];

Prices = [99.375;
         105.75 ;
         101.0  ;
         101.25 ;
         102.75 ];

Settle = datetime(1997,12,18);
OutputCompounding = 2;

t.Bonds1 = datetime(t.Bonds1,'ConvertFrom','datenum','Locale','en_US');
[ZeroRates, CurveDates] = zbtprice(t, Prices, Settle, OutputCompounding)
ZeroRates = 11×1


CurveDates = 11x1 datetime

Input Arguments

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Coupon bond information to generate zero curve, specified as a 6-column table or a n-by-2 to n-by-6 matrix of bond information, where the table columns or matrix columns contains:

  • Maturity (Column 1, Required) Maturity date of the bond as a serial date number. Use datenum to convert date character vectors to serial date numbers. If the input Bonds is a table, the Maturity dates can be a datetime array, string array, or date character vectors.

  • CouponRate (Column 2, Required) Decimal fraction indicating the coupon rate of the bond.

  • Face (Column 3, Optional) Redemption or face value of the bond. Default = 100.

  • Period (Column 4, Optional) Coupons per year of the bond. Allowed values are 0, 1, 2 (default), 3, 4, 6, and 12.

  • Basis (Column 5, Optional) Day-count basis of the bond. A vector of integers.

    • 0 = actual/actual (default)

    • 1 = 30/360 (SIA)

    • 2 = actual/360

    • 3 = actual/365

    • 4 = 30/360 (BMA)

    • 5 = 30/360 (ISDA)

    • 6 = 30/360 (European)

    • 7 = actual/365 (Japanese)

    • 8 = actual/actual (ICMA)

    • 9 = actual/360 (ICMA)

    • 10 = actual/365 (ICMA)

    • 11 = 30/360E (ICMA)

    • 12 = actual/365 (ISDA)

    • 13 = BUS/252

    • For more information, see Basis.

  • EndMonthRule (Column 6, Optional) End-of-month rule. This rule applies only when Maturity is an end-of-month date for a month having 30 or fewer days. 0 = ignore rule, meaning that a bond's coupon payment date is always the same numerical day of the month. 1 = set rule on (default), meaning that a bond's coupon payment date is always the last actual day of the month



  • If Bonds is a table, the Maturity dates can be a datetime array, string array, or date character vectors.

  • If Bonds is a matrix, is an n-by-2 to n-by-6 matrix where each row describes a bond, the first two columns (Maturity and CouponRate) are required. The remainder of the columns are optional but must be added in order. All rows in Bonds must have the same number of columns.


Data Types: double | char | string | datetime | table

Clean price (price without accrued interest) of each bond in Bonds, specified as a N-by-1 column vector. The number of rows (n) must match the number of rows in Bonds.

Data Types: double

Settlement date representing time zero in derivation of zero curve, specified as scalar datetime, string, or date character vector. Settle represents time zero for deriving the zero curve, and it is normally the common settlement date for all the bonds.

To support existing code, zbtprice also accepts serial date numbers as inputs, but they are not recommended.

Data Types: char | string | datetime

(Optional) Compounding frequency of output ZeroRates, specified using the allowed values:

  • 0 — Simple interest (no compounding)

  • 1 — Annual compounding

  • 2 — Semiannual compounding (default)

  • 3 — Compounding three times per year

  • 4 — Quarterly compounding

  • 6 — Bimonthly compounding

  • 12 — Monthly compounding

  • -1 — Continuous compounding

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Implied zero rates for each point along the investment horizon defined by a maturity date, returned as a m-by-1 vector of decimal fractions where m is the number of bonds of unique maturity dates. In aggregate, the rates in ZeroRates constitute a zero curve.

If more than one bond has the same Maturity date, zbtprice returns the mean zero rate for that Maturity. Any rates before the first Maturity are assumed to be equal to the rate at the first Maturity, that is, the curve is assumed to be flat before the first Maturity.

Maturity dates that correspond to the ZeroRates, returned as a m-by-1 vector of unique maturity dates, where m is the number of bonds of different maturity dates. These dates begin with the earliest Maturity date and end with the latest Maturitydate in the Bonds table or matrix.

If either inputs for Bonds or Settle have datetime values, then CurveDates is datetimes. Otherwise CurveDates is serial date numbers. Use the function datestr to convert serial date numbers to formatted date character vectors.


[1] Fabozzi, Frank J. "The Structure of Interest Rates." Ch. 6 in Fabozzi, Frank J. and T. Dessa Fabozzi, eds. The Handbook of Fixed Income Securities. 4th ed. New York, Irwin Professional Publishing, 1995.

[2] McEnally, Richard W. and James V. Jordan. “The Term Structure of Interest Rates.” in Ch. 37 in Fabozzi and Fabozzi, ibid

[3] Das, Satyajit. “Calculating Zero Coupon Rates.” in Swap and Derivative Financing. Appendix to Ch. 8, pp. 219–225. New York, Irwin Professional Publishing, 1994.

Version History

Introduced before R2006a

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