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gapbyls

Determine price of gap digital options using Black-Scholes model

Syntax

Price = gapbyls(RateSpec,StockSpec,Settle,Maturity,OptSpec,Strike,StrikeThreshold)

Description

example

Price = gapbyls(RateSpec,StockSpec,Settle,Maturity,OptSpec,Strike,StrikeThreshold) calculates gap European digital option prices using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

Examples

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This example shows how to compute gap option prices using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Consider a gap call and put options on a nondividend paying stock with a strike of 57 and expiring on January 1, 2008. On July 1, 2008 the stock is trading at 50. Using this data, compute the price of the option if the risk-free rate is 9%, the strike threshold is 50, and the volatility is 20%.

Settle = 'Jan-1-2008';
Maturity = 'Jul-1-2008';
Compounding = -1; 
Rates = 0.09;
% calculate the RateSpec
RateSpec = intenvset('ValuationDate', Settle, 'StartDates', Settle,...
'EndDates', Maturity, 'Rates', Rates, 'Compounding', Compounding, 'Basis', 1);
% define the StockSpec
AssetPrice = 50;
Sigma = .2;
StockSpec = stockspec(Sigma, AssetPrice);
% define the call and put options
OptSpec = {'call'; 'put'};
Strike = 57;
StrikeThreshold = 50;
% calculate the price
Pgap = gapbybls(RateSpec, StockSpec, Settle, Maturity, OptSpec,...
Strike, StrikeThreshold)
Pgap = 2×1

   -0.0053
    4.4866

Input Arguments

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Interest-rate term structure (annualized and continuously compounded), specified by the RateSpec obtained from intenvset. For information on the interest-rate specification, see intenvset.

Data Types: struct

Stock specification for the underlying asset. For information on the stock specification, see stockspec.

stockspec handles several types of underlying assets. For example, for physical commodities the price is StockSpec.Asset, the volatility is StockSpec.Sigma, and the convenience yield is StockSpec.DividendAmounts.

Data Types: struct

Settlement or trade date for the basket option, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector of serial date numbers or date character vectors.

Data Types: double | char | cell

Maturity date for the basket option, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector of serial date numbers or date character vectors.

Data Types: double | char | cell

Definition of the option as 'call' or 'put', specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: char | cell

Pay-off strike value, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: double

Strike values that determine if the option pays off, specified as an NINST-by-1 vector.

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Expected prices for gap option, returned as a NINST-by-1 vector.

Introduced in R2009a