Main Content

gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply

Optimized GPU implementation of batched matrix multiply operation

Description

[D1,D2] = gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply(A1,B1,A2,B2) performs matrix-matrix multiplication of a batch of matrices A1,B1 and A2,B2. The gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply function performs matrix-matrix multiplication of the form:

D=αAB

where α is a scalar multiplication factor, A, B, and D are matrices with dimensions m-by-k, k-by-n, and m-by-n respectively. You can optionally transpose or hermitian-conjugate A and B. By default, α is set to one and the matrices are not transposed. To specify a different scalar multiplication factor and perform transpose operations on the input matrices, use the Name,Value pair arguments.

All the batches passed to the gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply function must be uniform. That is, all instances must have the same dimensions m,n,k.

[D1,...,DN] = gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply(A1,B1,...,AN,BN) performs matrix-matrix multiplication of multiple A, B pairs of the form:

Di=αAiBii=1N

example

___ = gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply(___,Name,Value) performs batched matrix multiply operation by using the options specified by one or more Name,Value pair arguments.

Examples

collapse all

Perform a simple batched matrix-matrix multiplication and use the gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply function to generate CUDA® code that calls appropriate cublas<t>gemmBatched APIs.

In one file, write an entry-point function myBatchMatMul that accepts matrix inputs A1, B1, A2, and B2. Because the input matrices are not transposed, use the 'nn' option.

function [D1,D2] = myBatchMatMul(A1,B1,A2,B2,alpha)

[D1,D2] = gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply(A1,B1,A2,B2, ...
    'alpha',alpha,'transpose','nn');

end

To create a type for a matrix of doubles for use in code generation, use the coder.newtype function.

A1 = coder.newtype('double',[15,42],[0 0]);
A2 = coder.newtype('double',[15,42],[0 0]);
B1 = coder.newtype('double',[42,30],[0 0]);
B2 = coder.newtype('double',[42,30],[0 0]);
alpha = 0.3;
inputs = {A1,B1,A2,B2,alpha};

To generate a CUDA library, use the codegen function.

cfg = coder.gpuConfig('lib');
cfg.GpuConfig.EnableCUBLAS = true;
cfg.GpuConfig.EnableCUSOLVER = true;
cfg.GenerateReport = true;
codegen -config cfg-args inputs myBatchMatMul

The generated CUDA code contains kernels myBatchMatMul_kernelNN for initializing the input and output matrices. The code also contains the cublasDgemmBatched API calls to the cuBLAS library. The following code is a snippet of the generated code.

//
// File: myBatchMatMul.cu
//
...
void myBatchMatMul(const double A1[630], const double B1[1260], const double A2
                   [630], const double B2[1260], double alpha, double D1[450],
                   double D2[450])
{
  double alpha1;
...

  myBatchMatMul_kernel1<<<dim3(2U, 1U, 1U), dim3(512U, 1U, 1U)>>>(*gpu_A2,
    *gpu_A1, *gpu_input_cell_f2, *gpu_input_cell_f1);
  cudaMemcpy(gpu_B2, (void *)&B2[0], 10080UL, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice);
  cudaMemcpy(gpu_B1, (void *)&B1[0], 10080UL, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice);
  myBatchMatMul_kernel2<<<dim3(3U, 1U, 1U), dim3(512U, 1U, 1U)>>>(*gpu_B2,
    *gpu_B1, *gpu_input_cell_f4, *gpu_input_cell_f3);
  myBatchMatMul_kernel3<<<dim3(1U, 1U, 1U), dim3(480U, 1U, 1U)>>>(gpu_r3, gpu_r2);
  myBatchMatMul_kernel4<<<dim3(1U, 1U, 1U), dim3(32U, 1U, 1U)>>>(gpu_r2,
    *gpu_out_cell);
  myBatchMatMul_kernel5<<<dim3(1U, 1U, 1U), dim3(32U, 1U, 1U)>>>(gpu_r3,
    *gpu_out_cell);
...

  cublasDgemmBatched(getCublasGlobalHandle(), CUBLAS_OP_N, CUBLAS_OP_N, 15, 30,
                     42, (double *)gpu_alpha1, (double **)gpu_Aarray, 15,
                     (double **)gpu_Barray, 42, (double *)gpu_beta1, (double **)
                     gpu_Carray, 15, 2);
  myBatchMatMul_kernel6<<<dim3(1U, 1U, 1U), dim3(480U, 1U, 1U)>>>(*gpu_D2,
    *gpu_out_cell, *gpu_D1);
...
}

Input Arguments

collapse all

Operands, specified as vectors or matrices. A and B must be 2-D arrays. The number of columns in A must be equal to the number of rows in B.

Data Types: double | single | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64
Complex Number Support: Yes

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: [D1,D2] = gpucoder.batchedMatrixMultiply(A1,B1,A2,B2,'alpha',0.3,'transpose','CC');

Value of the scalar used for multiplication with A. Default value is one.

Character vector or string composed of two characters, indicating the operation performed on the matrices A and B prior to matrix multiplication. Possible values are normal ('N'), transposed ('T'), or complex conjugate transpose ('C').

Output Arguments

collapse all

Product, returned as a scalar, vector, or matrix. Array D has the same number of rows as input A and the same number of columns as input B.

Introduced in R2020a