Note: This page has been translated by MathWorks. Click here to see

To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

To view all translated materials including this page, select Country from the country navigator on the bottom of this page.

**MathWorks Machine Translation**

The automated translation of this page is provided by a general purpose third party translator tool.

MathWorks does not warrant, and disclaims all liability for, the accuracy, suitability, or fitness for purpose of the translation.

Option set for `sim`

`opt = simOptions`

`opt = simOptions(Name,Value)`

opt = simOptions;

Create an option set for `sim`

specifying the following options.

Zero initial conditions

Input offset of 5 for the second input of a two-input model

opt = simOptions('InitialCondition','z','InputOffset',[0; 5]);

Create noise data for a simulation with `500`

input data samples and two outputs.

noiseData = randn(500,2);

Create a default option set.

opt = simOptions;

Modify the option set to add the noise data.

opt.AddNoise = true; opt.NoiseData = noiseData;

Use historical input-output data as a proxy for initial conditions when simulating your model.

Load a two-input, one-output data set.

load iddata7 z7

Identify a fifth-order state-space model using the data.

sys = n4sid(z7, 5);

Split the data set into two parts.

zA = z7(1:15); zB = z7(16:end);

Simulate the model using the input signal in `zB`

.

uSim = zB;

Simulation requires initial conditions. The signal values in `zA`

are the historical data, that is, they are the input and output values for the time immediately preceding data in `zB`

. Use `zA`

as a proxy for the required initial conditions.

IO = struct('Input',zA.InputData,'Output',zA.OutputData); opt = simOptions('InitialCondition',IO);

Simulate the model.

ysim = sim(sys,uSim,opt);

To understand how the past data is mapped to the initial states of the model, see Understand Use of Historical Data for Model Simulation.

Specify optional
comma-separated pairs of `Name,Value`

arguments. `Name`

is
the argument name and `Value`

is the corresponding value.
`Name`

must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value
pair arguments in any order as
`Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN`

.

`'AddNoise',true','InputOffset',[5;0]`

adds
default Gaussian white noise to the response model and specifies an
input offset of `5`

for the first of two model inputs.`'InitialCondition'`

— Simulation initial conditions`[]`

(default) | column vector | matrix | structure | structure array | `'model'`

Simulation initial conditions, specified as one of the following:

`'z'`

— Zero initial conditions.Numerical column vector of initial states with length equal to the model order.

For multi-experiment data, specify a matrix with

*Ne*columns, where*Ne*is the number of experiments, to configure the initial conditions separately for each experiment. Otherwise, use a column vector to specify the same initial conditions for all experiments.Use this option for state-space models (

`idss`

and`idgrey`

) only.Structure with the following fields, which contain the historical input and output values for a time interval immediately before the start time of the data used in the simulation:

Field Description `Input`

Input history, specified as a matrix with *Nu*columns, where*Nu*is the number of input channels. For time-series models, use`[]`

. The number of rows must be greater than or equal to the model order.`Output`

Output history, specified as a matrix with *Ny*columns, where*Ny*is the number of output channels. The number of rows must be greater than or equal to the model order.For an example, see Use Historical Data to Specify Initial Conditions for Model Simulation.

For multi-experiment data, configure the initial conditions separately for each experiment by specifying

`InitialCondition`

as a structure array with*Ne*elements. To specify the same initial conditions for all experiments, use a single structure.The software uses

`data2state`

to map the historical data to states. If your model is not`idss`

,`idgrey`

,`idnlgrey`

, or`idnlarx`

, the software first converts the model to its state-space representation and then maps the data to states. If conversion of your model to`idss`

is not possible, the estimated states are returned empty.`'model'`

— Use this option for`idnlgrey`

models only. The software sets the initial states to the values specified in the`sys.InitialStates`

property of the model`sys`

.`[]`

— Corresponds to zero initial conditions for all models except`idnlgrey`

. For`idnlgrey`

models, the software treats`[]`

as`'model'`

and specifies the initial states as`sys.InitialStates`

.

`'X0Covariance'`

— Covariance of initial states vector`[]`

(default) | matrixCovariance of initial states vector, specified as one of the following:

Positive definite matrix of size

*Nx*-by-*Nx*, where*Nx*is the model order.For multi-experiment data, specify as an

*Nx*-by-*Nx*-by-*Ne*matrix, where*Ne*is the number of experiments.`[]`

— No uncertainty in the initial states.

Use this option only for state-space models (`idss`

and `idgrey`

)
when `'InitialCondition'`

is specified as a column
vector. Use this option to account for initial condition uncertainty
when computing the standard deviation of the simulated response of
a model.

`'InputOffset'`

— Input signal offset`[]`

(default) | column vector | matrixInput signal offset, specified as a column vector of length *Nu*.
Use `[]`

if there are no input offsets. Each element
of `InputOffset`

is subtracted from the corresponding
input data before the input is used to simulate the model.

For multiexperiment data, specify `InputOffset`

as:

An

*Nu*-by-*Ne*matrix to set offsets separately for each experiment.A column vector of length

*Nu*to apply the same offset for all experiments.

`'OutputOffset'`

— Output signal offset`[]`

(default) | column vector | matrixOutput signal offset, specified as a column vector of length *Ny*.
Use `[]`

if there are no output offsets. Each element
of `OutputOffset`

is added to the corresponding
simulated output response of the model.

For multiexperiment data, specify `OutputOffset`

as:

An

*Ny*-by-*Ne*matrix to set offsets separately for each experiment.A column vector of length

*Ny*to apply the same offset for all experiments.

`'AddNoise'`

— Noise addition toggle`false`

(default) | `true`

Noise addition toggle, specified as a logical value indicating whether to add noise to the response model.

`'NoiseData'`

— Noise signal data`[]`

(default) | matrix | cell array of matricesNoise signal data specified as one of the following:

`[]`

— Default Gaussian white noise.Matrix with

*N*rows and_{s}*N*columns, where_{y}*N*is the number of input data samples, and_{s}*N*is the number of outputs. Each matrix entry is scaled according to_{y}`NoiseVariance`

property of the simulated model and added to the corresponding output data point. To set`NoiseData`

at a level that is consistent with the model, use white noise with zero mean and a unit covariance matrix.Cell array of

*N*matrices, where_{e}*N*is the number of experiments for multiexperiment data. Use a cell array to set the_{e}`NoiseData`

separately for each experiment, otherwise set the same noise signal for all experiments using a matrix.

`NoiseData`

is the noise signal, *e*(*t*),
for the model

$$y(t)=Gu(t)+He(t).$$

Here,*G* is the transfer function from the
input, *u*(*t*), to the output, *y*(*t*),
and *H* is the noise transfer function.

`NoiseData`

is used for simulation only when `AddNoise`

is
true.

`opt`

— Option set for `sim`

command`simOptions`

option setOption set for `sim`

command, returned as
a `simOptions`

option set.

You clicked a link that corresponds to this MATLAB command:

Run the command by entering it in the MATLAB Command Window. Web browsers do not support MATLAB commands.

Choose a web site to get translated content where available and see local events and offers. Based on your location, we recommend that you select: .

Select web siteYou can also select a web site from the following list:

Select the China site (in Chinese or English) for best site performance. Other MathWorks country sites are not optimized for visits from your location.

- América Latina (Español)
- Canada (English)
- United States (English)

- Belgium (English)
- Denmark (English)
- Deutschland (Deutsch)
- España (Español)
- Finland (English)
- France (Français)
- Ireland (English)
- Italia (Italiano)
- Luxembourg (English)

- Netherlands (English)
- Norway (English)
- Österreich (Deutsch)
- Portugal (English)
- Sweden (English)
- Switzerland
- United Kingdom (English)