structuralBodyLoad

Specify body load for structural model

Description

example

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'GravitationalAcceleration',GAval) specifies acceleration due to gravity as a body load for a static or transient structural model. Structural models for modal analysis cannot have body loads.

example

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'AngularVelocity',omega) specifies an angular velocity to model centrifugal loading for an axisymmetric structural model.

example

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',Tval) specifies a thermal load on a static structural analysis model.

Tip

If Tval is the temperature itself, and not a change in temperature, you must specify a reference temperature using structuralmodel.ReferenceTemperature. Otherwise, the toolbox uses the default value (zero) for the reference temperature. For details, see StructuralModel.

example

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',Tresults) uses the steady-state or transient thermal analysis results Tresults to specify a thermal load on a static structural analysis model. If Tresults is the solution of a transient thermal problem, then this syntax uses the temperature and its gradients from the last time step.

example

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',Tresults,'TimeStep',iT) uses the transient thermal analysis results Tresults and the time step index iT to specify a thermal load on a static structural analysis model.

bodyLoad = structuralBodyLoad(___) returns the body load object.

Examples

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Create a structural model.

structuralModel = createpde('structural','static-solid');

Create and plot the geometry.

gm = multicuboid(0.5,0.1,0.1);
structuralModel.Geometry = gm;
pdegplot(structuralModel,'FaceAlpha',0.5)

Specify the Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mass density. The mass density value is required for modeling gravitational effects.

structuralProperties(structuralModel,'YoungsModulus',210E3, ...
                                     'PoissonsRatio',0.3, ...
                                     'MassDensity',2.7E-6);

Specify the gravity load on the beam.

structuralBodyLoad(structuralModel,'GravitationalAcceleration',[0;0;-9.8])
ans = 
  BodyLoadAssignment with properties:

                   RegionType: 'Cell'
                     RegionID: 1
    GravitationalAcceleration: [3x1 double]
              AngularVelocity: []
                  Temperature: []
                     TimeStep: []

Analyze a spinning disk with radial compression at the hub due to press-fit. The inner radius of the disk is 0.05, and the outer radius is 0.2. The thickness of the disk is 0.05 with an interference fit of 50E-6. For this analysis, simplify the 3-D axisymmetric model to a 2-D model.

Create a static structural analysis model for solving an axisymmetric problem.

structuralmodel = createpde('structural','static-axisymmetric');

The 2-D model is a rectangular strip whose x-dimension extends from the hub to the outer surface, and whose y-dimension extends over the height of the disk. Create the geometry by specifying the coordinates of the strip's four corners. For axisymmetric models, the toolbox assumes that the axis of rotation is the vertical axis passing through r = 0, which is equivalent to x = 0.

g = decsg([3 4 0.05 0.2 0.2 0.05 -0.025 -0.025 0.025 0.025]');

Include the geometry in the model.

geometryFromEdges(structuralmodel,g);

Plot the geometry with the edge and vertex labels.

figure
pdegplot(structuralmodel,'EdgeLabels','on','VertexLabels','on')
xlim([0 0.3])
ylim([-0.05 0.05])

Specify the Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, and mass density.

structuralProperties(structuralmodel,'YoungsModulus',210e9, ...
                                     'PoissonsRatio',0.28, ...
                                     'MassDensity',7700);

Apply centrifugal load due to spinning of the disk. Assume that the disk is spinning at 104.7 rad/s.

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'AngularVelocity',1047);

Apply radial displacement at the hub of the disk to model press-fit.

structuralBC(structuralmodel,'Edge',4,'RDisplacement',50e-6);

Fix axial displacement of a point on the hub to prevent rigid body motion.

structuralBC(structuralmodel,'Vertex',1,'ZDisplacement',0);

Generate a mesh.

generateMesh(structuralmodel);

Solve the model.

structuralresults = solve(structuralmodel);

Plot the radial displacement of the disk.

figure
pdeplot(structuralmodel, ...
        'XYData',structuralresults.Displacement.ur, ...
        'ColorMap','jet')
axis equal
xlim([0 0.3])
ylim([-0.05 0.05])

Plot circumferential (hoop) stress.

figure
pdeplot(structuralmodel, ...
        'XYData',structuralresults.Stress.sh, ...
        'ColorMap','jet')
axis equal
xlim([0 0.3])
ylim([-0.05 0.05])

Specify a constant temperature rise for a thermal stress analysis of a bimetallic cantilever beam.

Create a static structural model.

structuralmodel = createpde('structural','static-solid');

Create and plot the geometry.

gm = multicuboid(0.5,0.04,[0.03,0.03],'Zoffset',[0,0.03]);
structuralmodel.Geometry = gm;
pdegplot(structuralmodel,'CellLabels','on')

Set the reference temperature. This temperature corresponds to the state of zero thermal stress of the model.

structuralmodel.ReferenceTemperature = 20
structuralmodel = 
  StructuralModel with properties:

              AnalysisType: 'static-solid'
                  Geometry: [1x1 DiscreteGeometry]
        MaterialProperties: []
                 BodyLoads: []
        BoundaryConditions: []
      ReferenceTemperature: 20
    SuperelementInterfaces: []
                      Mesh: []
             SolverOptions: [1x1 pde.PDESolverOptions]

Apply the constant temperature as a structural body load.

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',300)
ans = 
  BodyLoadAssignment with properties:

                   RegionType: 'Cell'
                     RegionID: [1 2]
    GravitationalAcceleration: []
              AngularVelocity: []
                  Temperature: 300
                     TimeStep: []

Specify a thermal load using the solution from a steady-state thermal analysis on the same geometry and mesh.

Steady-State Thermal Model Analysis

Create a steady-state thermal model.

thermalmodel = createpde('thermal','steadystate');

Create and plot the geometry.

gm = multicuboid(0.5,0.1,0.05);
thermalmodel.Geometry = gm;
pdegplot(thermalmodel,'FaceLabels','on','FaceAlpha',0.5)

Generate a mesh.

generateMesh(thermalmodel);

Specify the thermal conductivity of the material.

thermalProperties(thermalmodel,'ThermalConductivity',5e-3);

Specify constant temperatures on the left and right ends on the beam.

thermalBC(thermalmodel,'Face',3,'Temperature',100);
thermalBC(thermalmodel,'Face',5,'Temperature',0);

Specify the heat source over the entire geometry.

internalHeatSource(thermalmodel,10);

Solve the model.

thermalresults = solve(thermalmodel)
thermalresults = 
  SteadyStateThermalResults with properties:

    Temperature: [3870x1 double]
     XGradients: [3870x1 double]
     YGradients: [3870x1 double]
     ZGradients: [3870x1 double]
           Mesh: [1x1 FEMesh]

Plot the temperature distribution.

pdeplot3D(thermalmodel,'ColorMapData',thermalresults.Temperature)

Static Structural Analysis with Thermal Load

Create a static structural model.

structuralmodel = createpde('structural','static-solid');

Include the same geometry as for the thermal model.

structuralmodel.Geometry = gm;

Apply the solution of the thermal model analysis as a body load for the structural model.

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',thermalresults)
ans = 
  BodyLoadAssignment with properties:

                   RegionType: 'Cell'
                     RegionID: 1
    GravitationalAcceleration: []
              AngularVelocity: []
                  Temperature: [1x1 pde.SteadyStateThermalResults]
                     TimeStep: []

Specify a thermal load using the solution from a transient thermal analysis on the same geometry and mesh.

Transient Thermal Model Analysis

Create a transient thermal model.

thermalmodel = createpde('thermal','transient');

Create and plot the geometry.

gm = multicuboid(0.5,0.1,0.05);
thermalmodel.Geometry = gm;
pdegplot(thermalmodel,'FaceLabels','on','FaceAlpha',0.5)

Generate a mesh.

generateMesh(thermalmodel);

Specify the thermal properties of the material.

thermalProperties(thermalmodel,'ThermalConductivity',5e-3, ...
                               'MassDensity',2.7*10^(-6), ...
                               'SpecificHeat',10);

Specify the constant temperatures on the left and right ends on the beam.

thermalBC(thermalmodel,'Face',3,'Temperature',100);
thermalBC(thermalmodel,'Face',5,'Temperature',0);

Specify the heat source over the entire geometry.

internalHeatSource(thermalmodel,10);

Set the initial temperature.

thermalIC(thermalmodel,0);

Solve the model.

tlist = [0:1e-4:2e-4];
thermalresults = solve(thermalmodel,tlist)
thermalresults = 
  TransientThermalResults with properties:

      Temperature: [3870x3 double]
    SolutionTimes: [0 1.0000e-04 2.0000e-04]
       XGradients: [3870x3 double]
       YGradients: [3870x3 double]
       ZGradients: [3870x3 double]
             Mesh: [1x1 FEMesh]

Plot the temperature distribution for each time step.

for n = 1:numel(thermalresults.SolutionTimes)
    figure
    pdeplot3D(thermalmodel,'ColorMapData',thermalresults.Temperature(:,n))
    title(['Time = ' num2str(tlist(n))])
    caxis([0 100])
end

Static Structural Analysis with Thermal Load

Create a static structural model.

structuralmodel = createpde('structural','static-solid');

Include the same geometry as for the thermal model.

structuralmodel.Geometry = gm;

Apply the solution of the thermal model analysis as a body load for the structural model. By default, structuralBodyLoad uses the thermal model solution for the last time step.

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',thermalresults);

You also can specify the time step you want to use. For example, apply the thermal model solution for the second time step as a body load for the structural model.

structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',thermalresults, ...
                                   'TimeStep',2);

Input Arguments

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Static or transient structural model, specified as a StructuralModel object. The model contains the geometry, mesh, structural properties of the material, body loads, boundary loads, and boundary conditions.

Example: structuralmodel = createpde('structural','transient-solid')

Acceleration due to gravity, specified as a numeric vector. GAval must be specified in units consistent with those of the geometry and material properties.

Example: structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'GravitationalAcceleration',[0;0;-9.8])

Data Types: double

Angular velocity for an axisymmetric model, specified as a positive number. omega must be specified in units consistent with those of the geometry and material properties.

For axisymmetric models, the toolbox assumes that the axis of rotation is the vertical axis passing through r = 0, which is equivalent to x = 0.

Example: structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'AngularVelocity',2.3)

Data Types: double

Constant thermal load on a static structural model, specified as a real number. Tval must be specified in units consistent with those of the geometry and material properties.

Example: structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',300)

Data Types: double

Thermal model solution applied as a body load on a static structural model, specified as a StaticThermalResults or TransientThermalResults object. Create Tresults by using solve.

Example: Tresults = solve(thermalmodel); structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',Tresults)

Time index, specified as a positive integer.

Example: structuralBodyLoad(structuralmodel,'Temperature',Tresults,'TimeStep',21)

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Handle to body load, returned as a BodyLoadAssignment object.

Introduced in R2017b