Wavelet packet decomposition 1-D


T = wpdec(X,N,wname,E,P)
T = wpdec(X,N,wname)
T = wpdec(X,N,wname,'shannon')


wpdec is a one-dimensional wavelet packet analysis function.

T = wpdec(X,N,wname,E,P) returns a wavelet packet tree T corresponding to the wavelet packet decomposition of the vector X at level N, using the wavelet specified by wname (see wfilters for more information).

T = wpdec(X,N,wname) is equivalent to T = wpdec(X,N,wname,'shannon').

E is a character vector or string scalar containing the type of entropy and P is an optional parameter depending on the value of T (see wentropy for more information).

Entropy Type Name (E)

Parameter (P)


'shannon' P is not used.
'log energy' P is not used.
'threshold'0PP is the threshold.
'sure'0PP is the threshold.
'norm'1PP is the power.
'user'character vector or string scalarP is a character vector or string scalar containing the file name of your own entropy function, with a single input X.
FunNameNo constraints on P

FunName is any other character vector or string scalar except those used for the previous Entropy Type Names listed above.

FunName contains the file name of your own entropy function, with X as input and P as additional parameter to your entropy function.


The 'user' option is historical and still kept for compatibility, but it is obsoleted by the last option described in the table above. The FunName option do the same as the 'user' option and in addition gives the possibility to pass a parameter to your own entropy function.

The wavelet packet method is a generalization of wavelet decomposition that offers a richer signal analysis. Wavelet packet atoms are waveforms indexed by three naturally interpreted parameters: position and scale as in wavelet decomposition, and frequency.

For a given orthogonal wavelet function, a library of wavelet packets bases is generated. Each of these bases offers a particular way of coding signals, preserving global energy and reconstructing exact features. The wavelet packets can then be used for numerous expansions of a given signal.

Simple and efficient algorithms exist for both wavelet packets decomposition and optimal decomposition selection. Adaptive filtering algorithms with direct applications in optimal signal coding and data compression can then be produced.

In the orthogonal wavelet decomposition procedure, the generic step splits the approximation coefficients into two parts. After splitting we obtain a vector of approximation coefficients and a vector of detail coefficients, both at a coarser scale. The information lost between two successive approximations is captured in the detail coefficients. The next step consists in splitting the new approximation coefficient vector; successive details are never re-analyzed.

In the corresponding wavelet packets situation, each detail coefficient vector is also decomposed into two parts using the same approach as in approximation vector splitting. This offers the richest analysis: the complete binary tree is produced in the one-dimensional case or a quaternary tree in the two-dimensional case.


% The current extension mode is zero-padding (see dwtmode).

% Load signal. 
load noisdopp; x = noisdopp;

% Decompose x at depth 3 with db1 wavelet packets
% using Shannon entropy. 
wpt = wpdec(x,3,'db1','shannon');

% The result is the wavelet packet tree wpt.

% Plot wavelet packet tree (binary tree, or tree of order 2).


The algorithm used for the wavelet packets decomposition follows the same line as the wavelet decomposition process (see dwt and wavedec for more information).


Coifman, R.R., and M.V. Wickerhauser. “Entropy-Based Algorithms for Best Basis Selection.” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 38, no. 2 (March 1992): 713–18. https://doi.org/10.1109/18.119732.

Meyer, Yves. Les ondelettes. Algorithmes et applications, Colin Ed., Paris, 2nd edition, 1994. (English translation: Wavelets: Algorithms and Applications, SIAM).

Wickerhauser, M.V. (1991), “INRIA lectures on wavelet packet algorithms,” Proceedings ondelettes et paquets d'ondes, 17–21 June, Rocquencourt, France, pp. 31–99.

Wickerhauser, Mladen Victor. Adapted Wavelet Analysis from Theory to Software. Wellesley, MA: A.K. Peters, 1994.

Introduced before R2006a