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pie

Description

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pie(X) draws a pie chart using the data in X. Each slice of the pie chart represents an element in X.

  • If sum(X) ≤ 1, then the values in X directly specify the areas of the pie slices. pie draws only a partial pie if sum(X) < 1.

  • If sum(X) > 1, then pie normalizes the values by X/sum(X) to determine the area of each slice of the pie.

  • If X is of data type categorical, the slices correspond to categories. The area of each slice is the number of elements in the category divided by the number of elements in X.

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pie(X,explode) offsets slices from the pie. explode is a vector or matrix of zeros and nonzeros that correspond to X. The pie function offsets slices for the nonzero elements only in explode.

If X is of data type categorical, then explode can be a vector of zeros and nonzeros corresponding to categories, or a cell array of the names of categories to offset.

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pie(X,labels) specifies options for labelling the pie slices. In this case, X must be numeric.

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pie(X,explode,labels) offsets slices and specifies the text labels. X can be numeric or categorical.

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pie(ax,___) plots into the axes specified by ax instead of into the current axes (gca). The option ax can precede any of the input argument combinations in the previous syntaxes.

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p = pie(___) returns a vector of patch and text graphics objects. The input can be any of the input argument combinations in the previous syntaxes.

Examples

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Create a pie chart of vector X.

X = [1 3 0.5 2.5 2];
pie(X)

Offset the second and fourth pie slices by setting the corresponding explode elements to 1.

explode = [0 1 0 1 0];
pie(X,explode)

Create a pie chart of vector X and label the slices.

X = 1:3;
labels = {'Taxes','Expenses','Profit'};
pie(X,labels)

Create a labeled pie chart, and then modify the color and font size of the text labels.

X = 1:3;
labels = {'Taxes','Expenses','Profit'};
p = pie(X,labels)

p = 
  1x6 graphics array:

    Patch    Text     Patch    Text     Patch    Text 

Get the text object for the label 'Profit'. Change its color and font size. Use dot notation to set properties.

t = p(6);
t.BackgroundColor = 'cyan';
t.EdgeColor = 'red';
t.FontSize = 14;

Create a pie chart, and specify a format expression to display each label with three digits after the decimal point. To include a percent sign in the labels, specify '%%' at the end of the expression.

X = [1/3 2/3];
pie(X,'%.3f%%')

Create a pie chart of vector X where the sum of the elements is less than 1.

X = [0.19 0.22 0.41];
pie(X)

pie draws a partial pie because the sum of the elements is less than 1.

Create vectors y2010 and y2011, that contain financial data for two years. Then create a cell array containing the labels for the values.

y2010 = [50 0 100 95];
y2011 = [65 22 97 120];
labels = {'Investments','Cash','Operations','Sales'};

Create a 2-by-1 tiled chart layout, and display a pie chart and legend for y2010 data in the first tile. Then display a pie chart and legend for the y2011 data in the second tile.

t = tiledlayout(2,1);
ax1 = nexttile;
pie(ax1,y2010)
legend(labels)
title('2010')

ax2 = nexttile;
pie(ax2,y2011)
legend(labels)
title('2011')

Plot a categorical pie chart with offset slices corresponding to categories.

X = categorical({'North','South','North','East','South','West'});
explode = {'North','South'};
pie(X,explode)

Now, use a logical vector to offset the same slices.

explode = [0 1 1 0];
pie(X,explode)

Plot a categorical pie chart without any offset slices and label the slices. When X is of data type categorical you must specify the input argument explode. To specify labels without any offset slices, specify explode as an empty cell array, and labels as the labels.

X = categorical({'North','South','North','East','South','West'});
explode = {};
labels = {'E','N','S','W'};
pie(X,explode,labels)

Now, offset a slice and label all slices.

X = categorical({'North','South','North','East','South','West'});
explode = {'West'};
labels = {'E','N','S','W'};
pie(X,explode,labels)

Input Arguments

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Input vector or matrix.

  • If X is numeric, then all values in X must be finite.

  • If X is categorical, then pie ignores undefined elements.

Data Types: double|categorical

Offset slices, specified as a numeric vector or matrix, a cell array of character vectors, or a string array.

  • If X is numeric, then explode must be a logical or numeric vector or matrix of zeros and nonzeros that correspond to X. A true (nonzero) value offsets the corresponding slice from the center of the pie chart, so that X(i,j) is offset from the center if explode(i,j) is nonzero. explode must be the same size as X.

  • If X is categorical, then explode can be a cell array of character vectors that are category names or a string array of category names. pie offsets slices corresponding to categories in explode.

  • If X is categorical, then explode also can be a logical or numeric vector with elements that correspond to each category in X. The pie function offsets slices corresponding to true (nonzero) in category order.

Label options, specified as an array of text labels or a format expression. Use this argument to display custom text labels with the pie slices, or to display the percentage values that MATLAB® provides in a specific format.

Note

To specify the label options when X contains categorical values, you must specify the explode argument before the label options.

Display Text Labels

Specify the labels as a cell array of character vectors or as a string array.

When X contains numeric values, the number of elements in labels must equal the number of elements in X.

When X contains categorical values, the number and order of the elements in labels must equal the number and order of the categories in X. To determine the number and order of the categories, use the categories function.

Display Percentages in a Specific Format

Specify a format expression as a character vector or as a string scalar. The format expression begins with a percent symbol (%) followed by a series of identifiers.

Example of a custom format.

All the identifiers are optional except for the conversion character. Specify the identifiers in this order:

  1. One or more flags — Options for displaying plus signs, decimal points, and justifying the labels.

    • Plus sign (+) — Display a plus sign next to positive values.

    • Hash symbol (#) — Display the decimal point even when the precision is 0, such as in '50.'.

    • Minus sign () — Left justify the labels and pad the ends of the labels with spaces instead of padding them at the beginning.

  2. Field width — Minimum number of characters to display in the label. Specify the field width as an integer value. If the number of digits in a label is smaller than the field width, then the label is padded with spaces.

  3. Precision — Number of digits to the right of the decimal point. Specify the precision as a decimal point followed by an integer value.

  4. Conversion character — Fixed-point or exponential notation. For a list of conversion characters, see the table below. If you specify a conversion character that does not fit the data, MATLAB uses %e instead.

Conversion CharacterDescriptionExample
fFixed-point notation. The precision value indicates the number of decimal places.'%.4f%%' displays the label for a slice that is 6.25% of the pie as 6.2500%.
eExponential notation. The precision value indicates the number of decimal places.'%.4e%%' displays the label for a slice that is 6.25% of the pie as 6.2500e+00%.
gThe more compact version of e or f, with no trailing zeros. The precision value indicates the maximum number of decimal places.'%.4g%%'displays the label for a slice that is 6.25% of the pie as 6.25%.

In addition to the identifiers listed above, you can also specify literal text at the beginning or end of the format expression. To display a single quotation mark, use ''. To display a percent symbol, use %%. For example, '%.2f%%' displays the labels with two trailing decimal places followed by a percent symbol.

Axes object. Use ax to plot the pie chart in a specific axes instead of the current axes (gca).

Output Arguments

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Patch and Text objects, returned as a vector. For more information, see Patch Properties and Text Properties.

Compatibility Considerations

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Behavior changed in R2019b

Extended Capabilities

Introduced before R2006a