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Problems with empty cell in a large matrix

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Hello:
I have a large matrix of 102730 rows in the form of text file (sample text file is attached) with some header files in it. The first column show year, the next the month, followed by the day, and value1, value2 and value 3. Some of the cells are missing/empty. I want to fill these empty cells with NaN, so that they don't interefere with the next value. I am also attaching the text files of sample input (sample.txt) and desired output (Output.txt) for your reference.
Could anyone please let me know how to retrieve data?

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Accepted Answer

Peter Perkins
Peter Perkins on 28 Aug 2019
You have a fixed-width file, and readtable needs to be told how it's organized, using fixedWidthImportOptions:
>> opts = fixedWidthImportOptions('NumVariables',7,...
'DataLines',2,...
'VariableNames',["Ind" "Mo" "dy" "V1" "V2" "AW" "X"],...
'VariableWidths',[5 3 4 6 5 3 5],...
'VariableTypes',repmat("double",1,7));
>> T = readtable('sample.txt',opts)
T =
17×7 table
Ind Mo dy V1 V2 AW X
____ __ __ ____ ____ ___ ____
1974 6 28 39.2 25.6 3 0
1974 6 29 41.2 30.5 5 0
1974 6 30 40.3 31.2 7 0
1974 7 1 41.3 31.5 12 0
1974 7 2 43.3 31.3 20 0
1974 7 3 41.2 NaN 16 41.6
1974 7 4 34.3 21.4 14 54.5
1974 7 5 33.1 23.8 5 0
1974 7 6 36.2 28.9 6 0
1975 4 18 36.6 20.8 12 0
1975 4 19 37.4 21.1 5 0
1975 4 20 39.9 27 7 0
1975 4 21 39.5 27.3 9 0
1975 4 22 NaN NaN NaN NaN
1975 4 23 39.5 27.1 8 0
1975 4 24 37.7 26 10 0
1975 4 25 38.7 27.2 15 0

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Poulomi Ganguli
Poulomi Ganguli on 29 Aug 2019
Hi Peter:
I am getting this option is not available. So, I am unable to check this out.
Peter Perkins
Peter Perkins on 30 Aug 2019
Even though fixedWidthImportOptions was introduced in R2018b, you can try using detectImportOptions with file type 'fixedwidth'. Introduced in R2017a.

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More Answers (2)

KSSV
KSSV on 20 Mar 2019
Edited: KSSV on 20 Mar 2019
Read about readtable. It will insert NaN's where ver values are missing.
T = readtable('sample.txt') ;

  3 Comments

madhan ravi
madhan ravi on 20 Mar 2019
Beware, the value next to 41.2 should be NaN whereas this answer gives 16. I have no idea why that’s happening.
Peter Perkins
Peter Perkins on 28 Aug 2019
That happens because readtable treats the file as space-delimited, when in fact it is fixed-width format. See my response below.
madhan ravi
madhan ravi on 28 Aug 2019
Thank you Peter for the response :)

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Poulomi Ganguli
Poulomi Ganguli on 20 Mar 2019
Same here. If there are changes in number of digits before decimal, its not working. For example, "sample2.txt"

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madhan ravi
madhan ravi on 20 Mar 2019
Probably you would have to wait for others to shed some light here.

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