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Nested Functions versus Global Variables

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Why are nested functions better for sharing variables between workspaces than global variables? There doesn't seem to be much difference in the way the sharing works. The closest thing to an explanation I've found was the highlighted portion of the Matlab documention below, but I don't know what it means. What does it mean that globals "do not allow names to be reused"? And how then do nested functions allow names to be reused, by contrast?

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Stephen Cobeldick
Stephen Cobeldick on 8 Jun 2019
Edited: Stephen Cobeldick on 8 Jun 2019
"Why are nested functions better for sharing variables between workspaces than global variables?"
Nested functions provide much better control over where those variables can be accessed from. This is huge benefit from a code design perspective, because it makes code easier to understand and debug. They are also more efficient:
"There doesn't seem to be much difference in the way the sharing works"
At first glance they might seem similar, but nested functions are more efficient because MATLAB does not need to search the entire global workspaces to identify that variable, which slows code down: "global variables can decrease performance of your MATLAB code."
"What does it mean that globals "do not allow names to be reused"? And how then do nested functions allow names to be reused, by contrast?"
I find that statement ambiguous, nor do I see a big difference in terms of variable name "re-use". Perhaps some other users can help with this.

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Catalytic
Catalytic on 10 Jun 2019
Great. Thank you. I'm starting to think the variable name re-use bit was talking about anonymous functions.

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