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Position of the left nearest one value in a vector

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I have a vector of ones and zeros of this form: v = [0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0];
how can I get a vector with the left nearest zero from the one values, so that the output x is:
v = [0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0];
x = [0 0 2 0 0 0 6 6 6 6 0 0 12 12 12 0 0 17 0];
I am shamelly blocked so any hint to at least how to begin with would be very much appreciated.

Accepted Answer

madhan ravi
madhan ravi on 12 Sep 2019
Edited: madhan ravi on 12 Sep 2019
I don't know what you mean by shamely blocked.
It's not a trivial one though.
x=v;
Start=strfind([0,v==1],[0,1]);
End=strfind([v==1,0],[1,0]);
x(v==1)=repelem(Start-1,diff([Start;End+1]))

More Answers (2)

Bruno Luong
Bruno Luong on 12 Sep 2019
Edited: Bruno Luong on 13 Sep 2019
v = [0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0] % requirement: it must start with 0
Method 1
i0=find(v==0);
i1=find(v==1);
[~,loc]=histc(i1, [i0 Inf]);
v(i1)=i0(loc)
Method 2 (work with recent MATLAB versions)
i0=find(v==0);
i1=find(v==1);
v(i1)=interp1(i0,i0,i1,'previous')

Stephen23
Stephen23 on 13 Sep 2019
>> v = [0,0,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,0,1,0]
v =
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0
>> d = diff([v,0])>0;
>> f = [0,find(d)];
>> x = f(1+v.*cumsum(d))
x =
0 0 2 0 0 0 6 6 6 6 0 0 12 12 12 0 0 17 0

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