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Generate uniform pseudo-random integers from linear range.

version (1.47 KB) by DS
RAND_INT(R,N) returns an n-by-n matrix containing pseudo-random integer values from range R.

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Updated 27 Jan 2014

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Function that uses RAND to generate random integers in the specified linear range, as follows:

result = floor(a + (b-a+1).* rand(N)),
where specified range is [a b]

Please note: There are lots of ways to do this and lots of interesting submissions on FEX which provide similar results (see below).

random numbers:

#18443 - Random Integer Generator
#5346 - MYRANDINT -- Random Integer Generation
#27942 - WWW.RANDOM.ORG random integers/sequences/strings
#27809 - Unique Random Integer List
#13007 - Random Number Generator
#21353 - True Random Integer Generator (

random arrangement:

#30189 - RANDPERMFULL (derangement)
#17981 - RANDBLOCK
#27076 - Shuffle

Cite As

DS (2021). Generate uniform pseudo-random integers from linear range. (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

Comments and Ratings (3)

Travis B

"range must be integers" --> "range bounds must be integers"
"range is integers" --> "range bounds are integers"

Travis B


if (numel(R)~=2),
error('Specified range must be a matrix with 2 elements.');

if (~prod(1*(R==floor(R)))),
error('Specified range must be integers.');

Updated first error msg to match modified numel check. Second error check confirms the range is integers (It's not immediately obvious, but non-integer range bounds can result in integers outside the bounds, which may not be what the user expects.) (I don't like the 1* in prod, but prod can't handle logical (in my older version anyway) and that converts logical to double which prod can handle.)


A very well documented and nicely written function. Useful and usable, vectorized and check of inputs.
A suggestion: The check of the size of R crashs, if R has more than 2 dimensions: "if (size(R)==[1 1])". "if numel(R)==1" is saver and faster. Afterwards rejecting "numel(R)~=2" is sufficient and accepts a [2x1] column vector also.

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2007b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux

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