This function takes Latitude-Longitude pairs with name of an HDF-EOS file and finds the X-Y indexes of each LatLon pair in the HDF file. The function will work with HDF files which have:
1. Sinusoidal Projection (e.g., MODIS LST Level 3 product);
2. Global Cylindrical Equal-Area Projection or Cylindrical Equal-Area Scalable Earth Grid (EASE)
Important: LatLon pairs must be given in a matrix where first column contains Latitude and the SECOND COLUMN LONGITUDE, while the function will write X as first and Y as the second output. One or more pairs of LatLon coordinates can be given, where each line will contain coordinates of one point. The first two output variables will contain the X and Y indexes with the same order as LatLon inputs. The function is tested with the MODIS LST Level 3 (MOD11A1) and MODIS BRDF/Albedo (MCD43B3) products for proj=1 (Sinusoidal), and AMSR-E Soil Moisture (AMSR_E_L3_DailyLand_V07) product for proj=2 (EASE grid).
LatLon: matrix with two columns: Latitudes and Longitudes
filename: HDF file name (including filepath if file is not in current
proj: Projection type of the HDF file (currently only 1 or 2)
coordX_idx: x indexes of given LatLon coordinate(s) in the given HDF file
coordY_idx: y indexes of given LatLon coordinate(s) in the given HDF file (if
0 is returned by coordX_idx or coordY_idx means the LatLon pair could
not be found in the given image/HDF file).
projType: (string) full name of the given projection type
mdist2point: minimum distance to each point in meters that the function
could work out (should not be bigger than xRes or yRes).
xRes: resolution of the image along x or longitudes (it is always positive)
yRes: resolution of the image along y or latitudes (since Latitudes decrease from UppeLeft to LowerRight corner of an image, this will be a negative value--> note: this is now updated to be always positive).
%download the following file and put it in the current directory:
[coordX_idx,coordY_idx,projType,mdist2point,xRes,yRes] = ...
The returned coordX_idx coordY_idx are indexes of the LST pixels covering 1km^2 in the above coordinates.
First Version: Feb 19 2012 (V01)
Added functionailty: Apr 25 2012 (V02)
Updated: Jun 15 2012
M Sohrabinia (2022). Find pixel indices in HDF-EOS files based on LatLon coordinates (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/37033-find-pixel-indices-in-hdf-eos-files-based-on-latlon-coordinates), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .
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