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Check validity of array



validateattributes(A,classes,attributes) validates that array A belongs to at least one of the specified classes (or its subclass) and has all the specified attributes. If A does not meet the criteria, then MATLAB® throws an error and displays a formatted error message. Otherwise, validateattributes completes without displaying any output.


validateattributes(A,classes,attributes,argIndex) includes the position of the input in your function argument list as part of any generated error messages.


validateattributes(A,classes,attributes,funcName) includes the specified function name in generated error identifiers.


validateattributes(A,classes,attributes,funcName,varName) includes the specified variable name in generated error messages.


validateattributes(A,classes,attributes,funcName,varName,argIndex) includes the specified information in generated error messages or identifiers.


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classes = {'numeric'};
attributes = {'size',[4,6,2]};

A = rand(3,5,2);
Expected input to be of size 4x6x2 when it is actually size 3x5x2.

Because A did not match the specified attributes, MATLAB throws an error message.

Determine if an array is increasing or nondecreasing.

A = [1 5 8 2;
     9 6 9 4]
validateattributes(A, {'double'},{'nondecreasing'})
validateattributes(A, {'double'},{'increasing'})
A =

     1     5     8     2
     9     6     9     4

Since A is both increasing and nondecreasing, validateattributes does not throw an error for either attribute check.

Setting A(2,3) equal to A(1,3) results in a column that is no longer strictly increasing, so validateattributes throws an error.

A(2,3) = 8
validateattributes(A, {'double'},{'increasing'})
A =

     1     5     8     2
     9     6     8     4

Expected input to be strictly increasing.

However, the columns remain nondecreasing since each column element is equal to or greater than the previous column element. The following code does not throw an error.

validateattributes(A, {'double'},{'nondecreasing'})

Assuming that a is the second input argument to a function, check that it is nonnegative.

a = complex(1,1);
Expected input number 2 to be nonnegative.

Because complex numbers lack a well-defined ordering in the complex plane, validateattributes does not recognize them as positive or negative.

Check that the values in an array are 8-bit integers from 0 through 10.

Assume that this code occurs in a function called Rankings.

classes = {'uint8','int8'};
attributes = {'>',0,'<',10};
funcName = 'Rankings';
A = int8(magic(4));

Error using Rankings
Expected input to be an array with all of the values < 10.

Create a custom function that checks input parameters with inputParser, and use validateattributes as the validating function for the addRequired and addOptional methods.

Define the function.

function a = findArea(shape,dim1,varargin)
   p = inputParser;
   charchk = {'char'};
   numchk = {'numeric'};
   nempty = {'nonempty'};

   switch shape
      case 'circle'
         a = pi * dim1.^2;
      case 'rectangle'
         a = dim1 .* p.Results.dim2;

Call the function with a nonnumeric third input.

myarea = findArea('rectangle',3,'x')
Error using findArea (line 10)
The value of 'dim2' is invalid. Expected input to be one of these types:

double, single, uint8, uint16, uint32, uint64, int8, int16, int32, int64

Check the inputs of a function and include information about the input name and position in generated error.

Define the function.

function v = findVolume(shape,ht,wd,ln)

Call the function without the shape input argument.

vol = findVolume(10,7,4)
Error using findVolume
Expected input number 1, Shape, to be one of these types:


Instead its type was double.

Error in findVolume (line 2)

The function name becomes part of the error identifier.

ans =


Input Arguments

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Input, specified as any type of array.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical | char | string | struct | cell | function_handle
Complex Number Support: Yes

Valid data types, specified as a character vector, cell array of character vectors, or string array. Each element of classes can be the name of any built-in or custom class, including:

'half'Half-precision number
'single'Single-precision number
'double'Double-precision number
'int8'Signed 8-bit integer
'int16'Signed 16-bit integer
'int32'Signed 32-bit integer
'int64'Signed 64-bit integer
'uint8'Unsigned 8-bit integer
'uint16'Unsigned 16-bit integer
'uint32'Unsigned 32-bit integer
'uint64'Unsigned 64-bit integer
'logical'Logical 1 (true) or 0 (false)
'string'String array
'struct'Structure array
'cell'Cell array
'function_handle'Function handle
'numeric'Any data type for which the isa(A,'numeric') function returns true, including int8, int16, int32, int64, uint8, uint16, uint32, uint64, single, or double
'<class_name>'Any other class name

Data Types: cell | string

Valid attributes, specified as a cell array or a string array.

Some attributes also require numeric values, such as attributes that specify the size or number of elements of A. For these attributes, the numeric value or vector must immediately follow the attribute name in a cell array. A string array cannot be used to represent numeric values in attributes.

These attributes describe the size and shape of array A.

'2d'Two-dimensional array, including scalars, vectors, matrices, and empty arrays
'3d'Array with three or fewer dimensions
'column'Column vector, N-by-1
'row'Row vector, 1-by-N
'scalar'Scalar value, 1-by-1
'scalartext'Either a string scalar or a character vector, including inputs with zero characters
'vector'Row or column vector, or a scalar value
'size', [d1,...,dN]Array with dimensions d1-by-...-by-dN. To skip checking a particular dimension, specify NaN for that dimension, such as [3,4,NaN,2].
'numel', NArray with N elements
'ncols', NArray with N columns
'nrows', NArray with N rows
'ndims', NN-dimensional array
'square'Square matrix; in other words, a two-dimensional array with equal number of rows and columns
'diag'Diagonal matrix
'nonempty'No dimensions that equal zero
'nonsparse'Array that is not sparse

These attributes specify valid ranges for values in A.

'>', NAll values greater than N
'>=', NAll values greater than or equal to N
'<', NAll values less than N
'<=', NAll values less than or equal to N
'finite'All values are finite
'nonnan'No values are NaN (Not a Number)

These attributes check types of values in a numeric or logical array, A.

'binary'Array of ones and zeros
'even'Array of even integers (includes zero)
'odd'Array of odd integers
'integer'Array of integer values
'real'Array of real values
'nonnegative'No element is less than zero
'nonzero'No element is equal to zero
'positive'No element is less than or equal to zero
'decreasing'Each element of a column is less than the previous element and no element is NaN.
'increasing'Each element of a column is greater than the previous element and no element is NaN.
'nondecreasing'Each element of a column is greater than or equal to the previous element and no element is NaN.
'nonincreasing'Each element of a column is less than or equal to the previous element and no element is NaN.

Data Types: cell

Name of function for validation, specified as a character vector or as a string scalar. If you specify an empty character vector, '', or the <missing> string, then the validateattributes function ignores the funcName input.

Data Types: char | string

Name of input variable, specified as a character vector or a string scalar. If you specify an empty character vector, '', or the <missing> string, then the validateattributes function ignores the varName input.

Data Types: char | string

Position of input argument, specified as a positive integer.

Data Types: double

Extended Capabilities

Version History

Introduced in R2007b