how to avoid index out of bounds error

17 views (last 30 days)
ravi
ravi on 11 Apr 2014
Answered: Ken Atwell on 12 Apr 2014
hi,I am trying excute fallowing programme,but it is showing Attempted to access proj(2); index out of bounds because numel(proj)=1 error.I was not able to solve this problem.anybody know answer suggest me.thanks in advance.
I = imread('ch_text.tiff');
[row ,col]=size(I);
h_proj=zeros;
for i = 1:row
sum=0;
for j=1:col
if I(i,j)==0 %black pixel found
sum=sum+1;
end
end
h_proj(i)=sum;
end
figure,plot(h_proj,1:row),title('horizontal projection');
nonzero_row_indx=zeros;
i = 1; k = 1;
while (i >= 1) && (i <= row)
if h_proj(i) ~= 0
nonzero_row_indx(k) = i;
k = k + 1;
i = i + 1;
while h_proj(i) ~= 0
i = i + 1;
end
nonzero_row_indx(k) = i - 1;
k = k + 1;
end
i = i + 1;
end

Answers (3)

Nitin
Nitin on 12 Apr 2014
I tried running your programme using the Matlab built-in image, blobs.png and received the following error:
Attempted to access h_proj(273); index out of bounds because numel(h_proj)=272.
It would appear that the way you are incrementing i is not the correct, not sure what you are trying to achieve but i is getting incremented more than it should be in your code, hence the out of bounds error

Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 12 Apr 2014
Your code
while h_proj(i) ~= 0
i = i + 1;
end
is going to fail if h_proj ends with non-zero.
Note: do not name a variable "sum" as that will interfere with use of the important MATLAB routine sum()

Ken Atwell
Ken Atwell on 12 Apr 2014
Your inner-most 'while' loop continues to increment 'i' while 'h_proj(i)' is nonzero. This will fall out of bounds if the last value of 'h_proj(i)' is nonzero.
As you learn more about MATLAB, I encourage you to learn more about MATLAB's vector syntax, which can help you avoid overruns like this. As currently written, your code looks like an almost-direct port of something a C programmer would write. For example, the doubly-nested loop that sums black pixels can be done in a single instruction:
h_proj = sum(I==0,2)';
Have fun.

Categories

Find more on Loops and Conditional Statements in Help Center and File Exchange

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!