MATLAB Answers

When use || and | in if?

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john
john on 26 Apr 2014
Edited: Jan on 27 Apr 2014
Hello,
when can I use and | in command if?
For example:
if a||b
if a| b
Thank you

Accepted Answer

Azzi Abdelmalek
Azzi Abdelmalek on 26 Apr 2014
a||b will return 1 if the first expression a is true, without evaluating the second expression b
Example
2==2 || hhh % even hhh is not defined Matlab will not evaluate it, because the first expression 2==2 is true
a&&b will return 0 if the first expression a is false without evaluating the second expression b
  6 Comments
Azzi Abdelmalek
Azzi Abdelmalek on 26 Apr 2014
It's better to use | |, this can make your code faster, when the first expression is true, Matlab doesn't need to evaluate the second one.

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More Answers (1)

dpb
dpb on 26 Apr 2014
Depends entirely on the purpose...the double logical operators short-circuit and return only a scalar whereas the single ones are point-by-point operators over the full dimension of the two operands and return a matrix of the same size.
doc relop
has further details and info
  2 Comments
Jan
Jan on 27 Apr 2014
@John: When a and b are scalars, both versions are equivalent. But the first one || is slightly faster (nano-seconds for scalar operands...), when the first expression is true already. When a and/or b is a vector, you need the , which is equivalent to |or(a==3, b==2). But then the vector expression in the if command is tricky, because implicitly this is performed:
expr = or(a==3, b==2);
if all(expr) && ~isempty(expr) ...
This is at least confusing or can even be a bug, if this behavior is not intended.

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