Check if a number of varibles in a function satifies a condition.

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Giuseppe on 21 May 2014
Commented: Giuseppe on 21 May 2014
Say for example I had the function
function [d,e] = examplefunction(a,b,c,d,e)
I would like to check if the inputs satify predetermined conditions such as, are all inputs numbers, do the inputs fall within their respective ranges, do more than one input equal zero.I was thinking I would use a variety of if else statements including the
tf = isa(obj,ClassName)
function. Then build a matrix of these logical values and see if any are false. My promblem is that I dont know if this is the most efficient way of doing this plus I dont know how I would compare multiple input varibles at once.
Any help would be appreciated.

Accepted Answer

Cedric Wannaz
Cedric Wannaz on 21 May 2014
Edited: Cedric Wannaz on 21 May 2014
There are already tools for performing these tasks. Check out the InputParser class [ ref, ref ]. It will allow you to declare three sets of arguments: required, optional, and param/value pairs. For each parameter, you will be able to define a check function, as well as a default value for all but required parameters.
EDIT: just as an example, here is the beginning of a function using an input parser
function [hFig, hAxis, hLegend, hPatches] = bar_varWidth( colWidth, ...
data, varargin )
% --- 1. Parse input parameters.
parser = inputParser ;
parser.StructExpand = true ;
parser.CaseSensitive = false ;
parser.addRequired( 'colWidth', @isnumeric ) ;
parser.addRequired( 'data', @isnumeric ) ;
parser.addParamValue( 'legend', [], @(x) ischar(x) || iscell(x) ) ;
parser.addParamValue( 'xTickLabel', [], @(x) isnumeric(x) || iscell(x) ) ;
parser.addParamValue( 'xTickLabelFormat', '%.2f', @ischar ) ;
parser.addParamValue( 'xTickLabelShiftThreshold', 10, @isnumeric ) ;
parser.addParamValue( 'xTickLabelAngle', 90, @isnumeric ) ;
parser.addParamValue( 'xTickLabelLineLength', [], @isnumeric ) ;
parser.parse( colWidth, data, varargin{:} ) ;
args = parser.Results ;
% --- 2. ...
and here all parameters are accessible as fields of args, e.g.

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