How to plot wave function for finite square well? [Physics question]

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Niklas Kurz
Niklas Kurz on 10 Mar 2022
Commented: Star Strider on 13 Mar 2022
A question addressed to other physicist among the MATLAB community:
Considering a finite sqaure well potential:
It turns out for this certain potential a symmetric wave function can be found that fits inside
Whit constants and with the energy Eof the particle and usual physical constants.
In addition the energy has to be quantised acording to as well as
Now when I atempt plotting the piecewise wave function I don't really get continous pieces:
Ce = 1.6e-19;
scale = 1e-10;
L = 2*scale;
m = 9.109*1e-31;
h = 1.05*1e-34;
V = 100*Ce;
syms k
k = vpasolve(k*tan(L/2*k) == sqrt(2*m/h^2*V-k^2),k);
beta = k*tan(L/2*k);
dx = 0.01*scale; n = 2; x1 = -L/2*n:dx:-L/2; x2 = -L/2:dx:L/2; x3 = L/2:dx:L/2*n;
C = 1; A = 1;
psi1 = C*exp(beta*x1); psi2 = A*cos(k.*x2); psi3 = C*exp(-beta*x3);
plot(x1,psi1); hold on; plot(x2,psi2); hold on; plot(x3,psi3)
I don't right know if I messed up the physics or the code itself.
  2 Comments
Niklas Kurz
Niklas Kurz on 13 Mar 2022
Yea, I'm also confused. In the notes I studies it was said amplitude is off importance (only for normalisation) however I do think it does matter as well.

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Accepted Answer

Star Strider
Star Strider on 11 Mar 2022
I do not know what it supposed to look like, however to get a continuous plot, horizongally concatenate the respectrive row vectors —
Ce = 1.6e-19;
scale = 1e-10;
L = 2*scale;
m = 9.109*1e-31;
h = 1.05*1e-34;
V = 100*Ce;
syms k
k = vpasolve(k*tan(L/2*k) == sqrt(2*m/h^2*V-k^2),k);
beta = k*tan(L/2*k);
dx = 0.01*scale; n = 2; x1 = -L/2*n:dx:-L/2; x2 = -L/2:dx:L/2; x3 = L/2:dx:L/2*n;
C = 1; A = 1;
psi1 = C*exp(beta*x1); psi2 = A*cos(k.*x2); psi3 = C*exp(-beta*x3);
plot(x1,psi1); hold on; plot(x2,psi2); hold on; plot(x3,psi3)
figure
plot([x1,x2,x3], [psi1,psi2,psi3])
grid
.

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