# pdepe extract intermediate values

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Guy Elisha on 27 Jun 2022
Edited: Torsten on 12 Jul 2022
Hi everyone,
I am solving a pdes using the pdepe function, but I have an issue.
Suppose you want to solve for u, and have your c, f, and s. However, s includes some function g(u)
Suppose that g is a sigmoid function that depends on the neighboring node.
For instance, g(i) = u(i) - sig(u(i-1) - threshold)
That way, the value of u at point i depends on neighboring nodes of previous time steps.
To overcome this issue, I would like to extract all my values of u at each time step into a function, calculate g and return back to the regular itteration. Basically calulate g at each time step, feed it into the giv equation, and proceed in solving.
Is there a way for me to extract all the solutions for u at each time step?
Thank you!
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Guy Elisha on 28 Jun 2022
Hi, thanks for the response!
That is what I thought.
Also, sorry for being not clear, I dont need it in the previous time step but of neighboring nodes.
In my s term, I have s = (u * g) where g is a sigmoid function (g = tanh(u(i+1)-threshold)), so that if u ahead of the current node is greater than some threshold, g=1, and if u ahead of the current node is smaller than some threshold, g=-1.
Hence, s depends on u ahead of the current node (u(i+1))
To check that, I need basically all values of u at each time step.
Do you have a suggestion of how I can go around it?
Thanks again!

Bill Greene on 28 Jun 2022
I have written a PDE solver, pde1dm, that has some similarities to pdepe and accepts the same input syntax as pdepe. Most input that is acceptable to pdepe will also work in pde1dm.
However pde1dm has some additional capabilities. If you pass the option vectorized='on' to pde1dm, your pde function will be passed a vector of x-values spanning your complete spatial domain along with u and DuDx matrices at these x values. This allows your pde function to, for example, evaluate an integral involving the solution over the complete spatial domain. (Note that if you use this vectorized option, your pde function is also expected to return c, f, and s matrices corresponding to all values in the x vector.) You may be able to use this capability for your particular application.
Torsten on 11 Jul 2022
Edited: Torsten on 12 Jul 2022
Pass extra arguments directly to the functions where they are needed, e.g.
sol = pdepe(0,@(x,t,u,dudx)goveqns(x,t,u,dudx,a,b,c),@ICs,@BCs,xspan,tspan)
That's the usual way in "modern" MATLAB and is also supported by pde1dm: