im trying to solve a system of 4 nonlinear equations with 4 unknowns

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f= @(x) [x(1)+.17*x(1)-x(2)-x(3)-x(4); (((x(3)^(1/2))*x(4))/x(2))-.465797; 2*x(1)-2*x(2)-2*x(3)-x(4); 2*(.17*x(1))-x(2)-x(4)]
s=fsolve(f, [2,2,1,1])
it says it stops prematurely.
im also not sure how to plot these equations to see where my geusses should be

Answers (2)

Torsten on 23 Nov 2022
Equations (1), (3) and (4) give x(2) = 0. Thus it's impossible to satisfy equation (2) where x(2) is in the denominator.
syms x1 x2 x3 x4
f1 = x1+.17*x1-x2-x3-x4 == 0
f1 = 
f2 = 2*x1-2*x2-2*x3-x4 == 0
f2 = 
f3 = 2*0.17*x1-x2-x4 == 0
f3 = 
sol = solve([f1,f2,f3],[x1 x2 x4])
sol = struct with fields:
x1: (100*x3)/83 x2: 0 x4: (34*x3)/83

John D'Errico
John D'Errico on 23 Nov 2022
x = sym('x',[1,4])
x = 
eq1 = x(1)+.17*x(1)-x(2)-x(3)-x(4) == 0
eq1 = 
eq2 = (((x(3)^(1/2))*x(4))/x(2))-.465797 == 0
eq2 = 
eq3 = 2*x(1)-2*x(2)-2*x(3)-x(4) == 0
eq3 = 
eq4 = 2*(.17*x(1))-x(2)-x(4) == 0
eq4 = 
So you have 3 linear equations, and one nonlinear. Does a solution exist? We might ask solve, since this is a pretty simple system.
ans = struct with fields:
x1: [0×1 sym] x2: [0×1 sym] x3: [0×1 sym] x4: [0×1 sym]
So solve found no solution.
ans = struct with fields:
x1: [0×1 sym] x2: [0×1 sym] x3: [0×1 sym] x4: [0×1 sym]
Even vpasolve fails to find a solution.
Equations 1, 3, and 4 are called a homogeneous linear system, although we only have 3 equations in those 4 unknowns. I'll convert them to a matrix form, thus..
[A,b] = equationsToMatrix([eq1,eq3,eq4])
A = 
b = 
We can recover the original equations by a matrix multiply, thus:
A*x.' == b
ans = 
Clearly x1=x2=x3=x4=0 is a solution to that subset of equations. Does a non-trivial solution exist? Yes. It comes from the function null.
Anull = null(A)
Anull = 
So we have that x = Anull, or any multiple of that vector is a solution to the homogeneous linear part of your problem. Now, return to eq2. Do you see the problem?
eq2 = 
The ONLY solution to those three equations has x2 == 0. But in eq2, we divide by x2.
Therefore, NO solution can possibly exist for this system of equations.
  1 Comment
Alex Sha
Alex Sha on 27 Nov 2022
1: Approximate numerical solution
x1: 4.59039465606019E-13
x2: 1.70124596189725E-20
x3: 4.79191761335149E-13
x4: 1.14474596953164E-14
F1 = 4.64369367161173E-14
F2 = 1.11022302462516E-15
F3 = -5.17520851784955E-14
F4 = 1.4462594159827E-13
2: making some transformation for 2nd equation:
equivalence transformed into:
then the solution will be:
x1: 0
x2: 0
x3: 0
x4: 0

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