Plotting Fourier Series Expansion

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Hanif on 9 Mar 2023
Commented: Hanif on 9 Mar 2023
I was given a problem of the Fourier series expansion of with a periodicity interval . I found that the Fourier series expansion of such function with given periodicity interval is . However, I am new to MATLAB and my knowledge is limited to simple plotting. Suppose that my answer is correct, how to subplot and its Fourier series expansion using loop that generates the n-order of the expansion? I searched in this community and actually find a really good plotting, but I don't understand how it works. Thanks in advance!
Hanif on 9 Mar 2023
I also want to share my attempt on this:
x = linspace(-10,10,100);
y = 1-(4*cos(x))/pi - (4*cos(3*x))/(9*pi) - (4*cos(5*x))/(25*pi);
Of course, it is very simple because I am new to MATLAB.

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Accepted Answer

Paul on 9 Mar 2023
Hi Hanif,
Maybe this will help.
First, the problem statement says that one period spans -1 < x <= 1 (I don't think it matter if using < or <=)
x = linspace(-1,1,100);
Instead of using your problem, let's do something simpler, like 1 - 2*sum(n=1:5,n*x)
fsum = 0*x; % initialize
for n = 1:5
fsum = fsum + n*x;
I think you can adapt that to your problem. Of course we can't compute an infinite sum, so you'll have to pick an upper bound for the sum over n.
Hanif on 9 Mar 2023
I see. I actually tried to put the plot function into the loop, but it did not work because I forgot to put the hold-on command. As you also mentioned, I haven't check my derivation again, but I will do! Thank you for your helps, Paul.

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