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How can one use a variable to set color of a line plot , and use colorbar?

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Dear MAtLab community,
I am creating a simple line plot, and I would like to use a third variable to color the line at every point .
the line comes as:
xlim([1 640])
ylim([1 480])
and the line should be colouread according to the variable 'anx'. It should work similar to the imagesc function combined with the colorbar function.
Any suggestions are highly appreciated! Kind regards

Accepted Answer

DGM on 27 May 2024
Edited: DGM on 27 May 2024
Here's a simpler way to do it using patch().
% the data as given
load koordmean
load anx
% the coordinate data
x = koordmean(:,1);
y = koordmean(:,2);
% the color scaling data
c = anx;
n = numel(anx);
CT = parula(n);
% pad the vectors to keep the patch from being filled
x(end+1) = NaN;
y(end+1) = NaN;
c(end+1) = NaN;
% create a patch
hp = patch(x,y,c,'EdgeColor','interp');
hp.LineWidth = 2; % if you want fatter lines
% if you want to set certain axes properties
xlim([1 640])
ylim([1 480])
Doing it this way only creates one high level graphics object, instead of dozens. That means less lag and there's only one object that you need to edit if you want to change properties after the fact.

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More Answers (2)

Image Analyst
Image Analyst on 27 May 2024
If you'd like the line to have a different color at every point along it, you'll have to plot markers with those colors.
markerSize = 10;
numPoints = 500;
cMap = jet(numPoints); % Make colormap
x = 1:numPoints;
y = x; % Sample data.
for k = 1 : numPoints
plot(x(k), y(k), '.', 'Color', cMap(k, :), 'MarkerSize', markerSize);
hold on;
grid on;
hold off;
Adjust colormap and markersize as desired.

Austin M. Weber
Austin M. Weber on 27 May 2024
To color the line according the values in the variable anx:
% Your data
load koordmean
load anx
x = koordmean(:,1);
y = koordmean(:,2);
% Normalize the data in anx for color indexing
n = length(x);
anx_normalized = round(rescale(anx, 1, n));
cmap = parula(n);
clim([min(anx) max(anx)])
hold on;
for i = 1 : n-1
% Get color from colormap
color = cmap(anx_normalized(i), :);
% Plot the line
plot([x(i), x(i+1)], [y(i), y(i+1)], 'Color', color, 'LineWidth', 2);
hold off
xlim([1 640])
ylim([1 480])


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