MATLAB Answers

## surf plot won't happen because i need a matrix?

Asked by Tom

### Tom (view profile)

on 12 Dec 2011
Accepted Answer by Sean de Wolski

### Sean de Wolski (view profile)

surf plot won't happen because i need a matrix? I've just introduced a new variable to my script and I tried doing it using a nested loop. Only problem is that when I tried to plot a surface graph it says I should be using a matrix - not a scalar or vector. I just added the variable G - which is angle.
iter=1;
for f=50:1000
for G=0:(pi/2)
rho_a=1.2041;
c=343.26;
L=0.1;
a=0.03;
sigma_pf1=10000;
phi_pf1=0.96;
alpha_pf1=1;
k_a=(2*pi*f)/c;
k_pf1=((2*pi*f)/c)*sqrt(alpha_pf1-((1i*sigma_pf1*phi_pf1)/(2*pi*f*rho_a)));
zc_air=rho_a*c;
zc_pf1=((rho_a*c)/phi_pf1)*sqrt(alpha_pf1-((1i*sigma_pf1*phi_pf1)/(2*pi*f*rho_a)));
zs_pf1=(-1i)*((cos(k_pf1*L)*cos(k_a*a)-(zc_pf1/zc_air)*sin(k_pf1*L)*sin(k_a*a))/((1/zc_pf1)*sin(k_pf1*L)*cos(k_a*a)+(1/zc_air)*cos(k_pf1*L)*sin(k_a*a)));
Rs_pf1=((zs_pf1/(rho_a*c))*cos(G)-1)/(1+(zs_pf1/(rho_a*c))*cos(G));
AbsCoef_pf1=1-(real(Rs_pf1))^2;
Rs_pf1rec(iter)=Rs_pf1;
AbsCoef_pf1rec(iter)=AbsCoef_pf1;
zs_pf1rec(iter)=zs_pf1;
iter=iter+1;
end
end
surf(50:1000,0:(pi/2),AbsCoef_pf1rec,'color','g');
set(hleg,'Location','SouthEast');
set(hleg,'FontSize',16);
set(gca,'FontSize',16);
Any help would be great.

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## 1 Answer

Answer by Sean de Wolski

### Sean de Wolski (view profile)

on 12 Dec 2011
Accepted Answer

That is correct. Use meshgrid to generate index matrices e.g.:
[xx yy] = meshgrid(linspace(-pi,pi,10));
surf(xx,yy,sin(xx)+cos(yy))
What you have above are three vectors (nx1 or 1xn) and it can't generate a surface of a line.

Tom

### Tom (view profile)

on 12 Dec 2011
Okay, so if I want f to go from 50 to 1000 and G to go from 0 to pi/2, how do I make a meshgrid of those two?
Sean de Wolski

### Sean de Wolski (view profile)

on 12 Dec 2011
[xx yy] = meshgrid(50:1000,linpace(0,pi/2,number_of_values_between_0_and_pi_over2))
Tom

### Tom (view profile)

on 8 Jan 2012
Many thanks for your help on this!

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