Probably the version of Jupyter uses an older version of GCC. You may consider forcing Jupyter to use MATLAB version of GCC runtime libraries, which are newer.
How is how I worked around it:
1. Back up the C runtime library and standard library from the library folder of anaconda, for example in "~/anaconda3/lib":
2. Set up the LD_LIBRARY_PATH before launching Jupyter Notebook, for example with csh in "~/anaconda3/bin":
3. Create a Python notebook from the Jupyter Notebook browser and run following: