Split Vector based on indices from another vector

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I have a vecotr let's say x=1:200 which is 1x200. Now i have another vector let's say y that is for example 10x1 holds the points where I should split on using predefined range. For example, if I want 5 points before y and 10 points after y, so if I have y=[20;50;120], then the output should be like this [15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30]
[45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60]
[115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,126,127,128,129,130]
I tried to set y1=y-5, and y2=y+10, then applied
A=x(1,y1:y2)
but always the first subarray is in the output. Is there any way to divide my array without a for loop because the original array is about 500,000 in length. Thanks in advance

Accepted Answer

Thorsten
Thorsten on 4 Apr 2017
Edited: Thorsten on 4 Apr 2017
You can generate a cell array where the i'th cell is the desired range for the i'th value in y:
C = arrayfun(@(yi) x(yi-5:yi+10), y, 'UniformOutput', false);
If you want the subarrays as rows of a matrix, use
M = cell2mat(C);

More Answers (1)

Andrei Bobrov
Andrei Bobrov on 4 Apr 2017
Edited: Andrei Bobrov on 4 Apr 2017
x = 1:200;
y=[20;50;120];
dy = 16;
z = zeros(size(x));
z(y - 5) = 1;
z(y + 10) = -1;
z1 = cumsum(z);
out = reshape(x(z1 ~= 0),dy,[])';

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