I get an error, what's wrong? on Sparse matrix logic and answer

209 views (last 30 days)
Write the function for
A sparse matrix is a large matrix with almost all elements of the same value (typically zero). The normal representation of a sparse matrix takes up lots of memory when the useful information can be captured with much less. A possible way to represent a sparse matrix is with a cell vector whose first element is a 2-element vector representing the size of the sparse matrix. The second element is a scalar specifying the default value of the sparse matrix. Each successive element of the cell vector is a 3-element vector representing one element of the sparse matrix that has a value other than the default. The three elements are the row index, the column index and the actual value. Write a function called "sparse2matrix" that takes a single input of a cell vector as defined above and returns the output argument called "matrix", the matrix in its traditional form. Consider the following run:
cellvec = {[2 3], 0, [1 2 3], [2 2 -3]};
matrix = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
matrix =
0 3 0
0 -3 0
  15 Comments
Lokesh Sahu
Lokesh Sahu on 1 Sep 2020
function matrix = sparse2matrix (cellvec)
m = cellvec{1}(1,1);
n = cellvec{1}(1,2);
defult = ones(m,n) .* cellvec{1,2};
for i= 3:length(cellvec)
r1 = cellvec{i}(1,1);
c1 = cellvec{i}(1,2);
defult(r1,c1) = cellvec{i}(1,3);
end
matrix = defult;
end

Sign in to comment.

Answers (28)

stanleo
stanleo on 7 Jul 2019
%simple version
function matrix = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
matrix = cellvec{2}*ones(cellvec{1});
for m=3:size(cellvec,2)
matrix(cellvec{m}(1),cellvec{m}(2))=cellvec{m}(3);
end
  6 Comments
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 29 Aug 2020
Bhoomika:
We do not have any idea what your level of experience in programming is. We would have to start from the basics of mathematics and computer science to explain the entire code in a way that we could relatively sure you would understand. That would take at least two textbooks of explanation. None of us has time to write all that.
We suggest you ask more specific questions that can be more easily answered.

Sign in to comment.


AYUSH GURTU
AYUSH GURTU on 28 May 2019
function [matrix]=sparse2matrix(incell)
S=size(incell);
q=S(2)-2;
msize=incell{1};
mdef=incell{2};
matrix=repmat(mdef,msize);
while q>0
matrix(incell{q+2}(1), incell{q+2}(2)) = incell{q+2}(3);
q = q-1;
end

Pavel Radko
Pavel Radko on 13 Aug 2020
Edited: Pavel Radko on 13 Aug 2020
Passed all tests solution. May be not the best one (because I have no idea how to biuld default matrix in easier way), but works 100%.
% Build a matrix called "matrix" using instrictions of input "cellvec"
function matrix = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
% first we build a default matrix with size ii*jj
% we use 1st element of "cellvec" to get the size of matrix
for ii = 1:cellvec{1}(1,1)
for jj = 1:cellvec{1}(1,2)
% all elements of matrix equals to the 2nd element of "cellvec"
matrix(ii,jj) = cellvec{2};
end
end
% now we need to change elements of our default matrix
% instructions for place and value of this elements comes in "cellvec"
% from 3rd element till the end of "cellvec"
for zz = 3:length(cellvec)
% we call "matrix" elements and assign values to them from every 3rd element of subarrays of "cellvec"
matrix(cellvec{zz}(1,1),cellvec{zz}(1,2)) = cellvec{zz}(1,3);
end
end
  3 Comments
manish Singh
manish Singh on 18 Jun 2021
You wrote down the complex code into very simple manner and it do work for any problem. And I understand it very well
Thanks man,

Sign in to comment.


Abhishek singh
Abhishek singh on 24 Apr 2019
function [matrix]= sparse2matrix(incell);
X=size(incell);
q=X(2)-2;
msize=incell{1};
mdef=incell{2};
matrix=repmat(mdef,msize);
while q > 0
matrix(incell{q+2}(1), incell{q+2}(2)) = incell{q+2}(3);
break
end
output
matrix =
0 0 0
0 -3 0
required output
matrix =
0 3 0
0 -3 0
  2 Comments
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 24 Apr 2019
Why are you using break after one iteration of the loop ? If you are only going to do a set of instructions once, do not bother to put it in a loop.
I suggest that you read about for loops.

Sign in to comment.


Jaimin Motavar
Jaimin Motavar on 30 Jun 2019
Edited: Jaimin Motavar on 30 Jun 2019
can you tell me what is wrong in this answer?
function matrix = sparse2matrix(a)
e=length(a);
b=rand(a{1,1});
[m,n]=size(b);
c=a{1,3};
d=a{1,4};
for i=1:m
for j=1:n
b(i,j)=a{1,2};
end
end
for g=3:e
for f=(g-2):(e-2)
p(1,f)=a{1,g}(1,1);
end
end
for g=3:e
for f=(g-2):(e-2)
q(1,f)=a{1,g}(1,2);
end
end
for g=3:e
for f=(g-2):(e-2)
r(1,f)=a{1,g}(1,3);
end
end
for o=1:(e-2)
b(p(o),q(o))=r(o);
end
matrix=b;
end

Litesh Ghute
Litesh Ghute on 20 Mar 2020
What's wrong with my code ?
function matrix= sparse2matrix(v)
mat=zeros([v{1}(1),v{1}(2)]);
r=size(mat);
m=3;
while m <= 4
i=v{m}(1);
j=v{m}(2);
mat(v{m}(i,j))=v{m}(3);
m=m+1;
end
matrix=mat;
end

ABINAND PANDIYAN
ABINAND PANDIYAN on 23 Apr 2020
Edited: ABINAND PANDIYAN on 23 Apr 2020
%All the test cases are right. try this
function matrix= sparse2matrix(cellvec)
a= cellvec{1};
row=a(1);
column=a(2);
main_value= cellvec{2};
sparse_matrix= main_value * ones(row, column);
len= length(cellvec);
for i= 3:length(cellvec)
change = cellvec{i};
r=change(1);
c=change(2);
m=change(3);
sparse_matrix(r,c)=m;
end
matrix=sparse_matrix;
end
  4 Comments
THIERNO AMADOU MOUCTAR BALDE
thank you so much!
it is working just one suggestion for using the variable len
len = length(cellvec);
for i = i= 3:len
...
......
end

Sign in to comment.


SAMARTH MAHESHKUMAR GEMLAWALA
% Compteled all the test cases successfully.
function matrix = sparse2matrix(a)
cellvec = a
p= size(cellvec)
z = cellvec{1,1}
x = cellvec{1,2}
matrix = zeros(z(1,1),z(1,2));
for i=1:z(1,1)
for j= 1:z(1,2)
matrix(i,j) = x;
end
end
for j= 3: p(1,2)
y = cellvec{1,j}
matrix(y(1,1),y(1,2)) = y(1,3);
end

Priyansh Kushwaha
Priyansh Kushwaha on 16 May 2020
Edited: Priyansh Kushwaha on 17 May 2020
function matrix=sparse2matrix(a)
b=a{1,1}
b1=b(1,1);
b2=b(1,2);
e=ones(b1,b2);
b=a{1,2}
e=b.*(e);
for i=3:length(a)
c=a{1,i};
d1=c(1,1);
d2=c(1,2);
d3=c(1,3);
e(d1,d2)=d3;
matrix=e;
end
matrix=e;
end
  3 Comments
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 17 May 2020
but there is semicolon so it is not going to display anything.

Sign in to comment.


utkarsh singh
utkarsh singh on 21 May 2020
Edited: utkarsh singh on 21 May 2020
function matrix=sparse2matrix(a)
row=a{1,1}(1,1);
col=a{1,1}(1,2);
default=a{1,2}; % or simply default=a{1,2}
matrix=ones(row,col)*default; % matrix=ones(a{1})*deafult.....no need of finding row and col
for m=3:length(a)
matrix(a{m}(1,1),a{m}(1,2))=a{m}(1,3);
end

Taif Ahmed BIpul
Taif Ahmed BIpul on 24 May 2020
function matrix=sparse2matrix(cellvec)
m=ones(cellvec{1}(1),cellvec{1}(2));
m=m.*cellvec{2};
for i=3:length(cellvec)
m(cellvec{i}(1),cellvec{i}(2))=cellvec{i}(3);
end
matrix=m;

Ahmed Mamdouh
Ahmed Mamdouh on 7 Jun 2020
function matrix = sparse2matrix(ce)
matri=ones(ce{1,1}(1,1),ce{1,1}(1,2))*ce{1,2};
siz=size(ce);
i=siz(1,2);
for ii=3:i
matri( ce{1,ii}(1,1),ce{1,ii}(1,2))=ce{1,ii}(1,3);
end
matrix=matri;

Shikha Thapa
Shikha Thapa on 13 Jun 2020
function matrix=sparse2matrix(cellvec)
matrix=cellvec{1,2}*ones([cellvec{1}(1),cellvec{1}(2)]);
for a=3:length(cellvec)
matrix(cellvec{1,a}(1,1), cellvec{1,a}(1,2))=cellvec{1,a}(1,3);
end
  1 Comment
Shikha Thapa
Shikha Thapa on 13 Jun 2020
You can get help from the answer and code your own logic accordingly!!

Sign in to comment.


Kumar Shubham
Kumar Shubham on 12 Jul 2020
Edited: Kumar Shubham on 12 Jul 2020
function matrix = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
%creates matrix of req. size.
matrix=zeros(cellvec{1});
%allots assigned scalar value to all elements.
matrix(:)=deal(cellvec{2});
%used loop to maipulate matrix for result.
%use breakpoints to see approach to result step by step .
for ii = 3:length(cellvec)
matrix(cellvec{ii}(1,1),cellvec{ii}(1,2))=cellvec{ii}(1,3);
end
  1 Comment
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 12 Jul 2020
Why are you using deal? Are you expecting that cellvec{2} will expand to multiple comma-separated elements? That is not going to happen with a scalar index like {2}
If you are wanting to copy the one value expectd in cellvec{2} to all elements on the left, then you do not need deal() .

Sign in to comment.


Ishani Uthpala
Ishani Uthpala on 1 Aug 2020
function matrix=sparse2matrix(v)
matrix=v{1,2}*ones(v{1,1}(1,1),v{1,1}(1,2));
y=length(v);
for x=3:y
matrix(v{1,x}(1,1),v{1,x}(1,2))=v{1,x}(1,3);
x=x+1;
end
matrix;
end

sushmanth pulavarthi
sushmanth pulavarthi on 3 Aug 2020
function matrix=sparse2matrix(v)
rows=v{1,1}(1);columns=v{1,1}(2); %extracting total no.of rows and columns for sprase matrix
magnitude=v{2}; %extracting the default value
m=magnitude*ones(rows,columns);
for i=3:length(v) %creating the loop foor changing the values other than default
r=v{i}(1);
c=v{i}(2);
m(r,c)=v{i}(3);
end
matrix=m;
end
%this works for any no.of elements

A.H.M.Shahidul Islam
A.H.M.Shahidul Islam on 6 Aug 2020
% 100% accurate
function matrix=sparse2matrix(m)
m=cell(m);
r=m{1}(1);c=m{1}(2);dv=m{2};
ss=size(m);
matrix=sparse(r,c)+dv;
q=ss(1,2);
for ii=3:q
matrix(m{ii}(1),m{ii}(2))=m{ii}(3);
end
  1 Comment
Rik
Rik on 6 Aug 2020
Thanks, now I can cheat on my homework without having to bother understanding the problem or the solution.
On a slightly more serious note: you forgot the closing end. Although you don't need it, it has become a lot more common, especially since it is possible to put functions in script files.

Sign in to comment.


Ali Raza
Ali Raza on 9 Sep 2020
function matrix = sparse2matrix(x)
M = x{1};
m = ones(M(1),M(2)) * x{2};
[~,len] = size(x);
if len == 3
i = 3;
m(x{i}(1),x{i}(2)) = x{i}(3);
else
for i = 3:len
m(x{i}(1),x{i}(2)) = x{i}(3);
end
end
matrix = m;
end

Mukul Rai
Mukul Rai on 22 Oct 2020
Edited: Mukul Rai on 22 Oct 2020
function matrix = sparse2matrix(a)
asize=length(a);
r = a{1}(1,1);
c = a{1}(1,2);
z = zeros(r,c)
z(:)= a{2};
if asize<=2
matrix =z
return
end
for jj=3:asize
r1 = a{jj}(1,1);
c1 = a{jj}(1,2);
n1 = a{jj}(1,3);
z(r1,c1)=n1
end
matrix =z

Abdul Quadir Khan
Abdul Quadir Khan on 6 Nov 2020
function matrix = sparse2matrix (cellvec)
m = cellvec{1}(1,1);
n = cellvec{1}(1,2);
defult = ones(m,n) .* cellvec{1,2};
for i= 3:length(cellvec)
r1 = cellvec{i}(1,1);
c1 = cellvec{i}(1,2);
defult(r1,c1) = cellvec{i}(1,3);
end
matrix = defult;
end

zehra ülgen
zehra ülgen on 12 Nov 2020
Here is another solution..
function m = sparse2matrix(a)
[t c] = size(a);
m = zeros(a{1,1});
[x y] = size(m);
for ii = 1:x;
for jj = 1:y;
m(ii,jj) = a{1,2};
end
end
for i = 3:c;
v = a(1,i);
m(v{1,1}(1,1),v{1,1}(1,2)) = v{1,1}(1,3);
end

Alberto Gil
Alberto Gil on 29 Dec 2020
Edited: Alberto Gil on 29 Dec 2020
Hello people,
What do you think about this code?
function matrix=sparse2matrix(cll)
if iscell(cll)==1
% Declare values, cs=size of the array; cdn=the nominal value; N=greatest value;
cs=cll{1,1}; cdn=cll{1,2}; N=size(cll,2);
% Create the matrix with the nominal value and the size.
cm=ones(cs)*cdn;
for n=3:N;
cxdn=cll{1,n};
% Select the values of the input values.
cm(cxdn(1,1), cxdn(1,2))=cxdn(1,3);
end
matrix= cm;
else
error('The input must be a cell class');
end
end
  1 Comment
Walter Roberson
Walter Roberson on 30 Dec 2020
The question does not seem to require that you verify that the input is a cell.

Sign in to comment.


xin yi leow
xin yi leow on 19 Jan 2021
function matrix=sparse2matrix(cellx)
matrix=zeros(cellx{1});
matrix(:,:)=cellx{2};
for ii=3:length(cellx)
num=cellx{ii};
matrix(num(1),num(2))=num(3);
end
end
  1 Comment
Rik
Rik on 19 Jan 2021
What does this answer add? What does it teach? Why should it not be deleted?

Sign in to comment.


Minh Nguyen
Minh Nguyen on 27 Mar 2021
Edited: Minh Nguyen on 27 Mar 2021
my idea about this
function matrix = sparse2matrix(ABC)
r = ABC{1}(1);
c = ABC{1}(2);
B = zeros(r,c); %make a zero matrix
B(1:end) = ABC{2}; % the sparse matrix with the second element
for i = 3:length(ABC) % and adding
a1 = ABC{i}(1,1);
a2 = ABC{i}(1,2);
B(a1,a2) = ABC{i}(1,3);
end
matrix = B;
end

Blaze Shah
Blaze Shah on 13 Sep 2021
Edited: Walter Roberson on 13 Sep 2021
function matrix = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
jj = cell2mat(cellvec);
m = jj(3)*ones(jj(1,[1,2]));
n = 4;
while n<=length(jj)
m(jj(n),jj(n+1)) = jj(n+2);
n = n+3;
end
matrix = m;

Sumanth Bayya
Sumanth Bayya on 19 Oct 2021
Edited: Sumanth Bayya on 19 Oct 2021
function M = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
sz = cellvec{1};
val = cellvec{2};
M = val*ones(sz);
for i = 3:length(cellvec)
el = cellvec{i};
M(el(1), el(2)) = el(3);
end
end

Ujwal Dhakal
Ujwal Dhakal on 7 Jan 2022
function matrix = sparse2matrix (cellvec)
[a b] = size(cellvec);% stores the number of cell elements in b whereas a is always 1 as cellvec is a vector
a = cellvec{1,1};% is size of the matrix that loads into a vector a
default_element=cellvec{1,2};
%preallocating the matrix to be of size m*n with all elements default
for i=1:a(1)%a(1) is the no of rows in the matrix
for j=1:a(2) %a(2) is the no of columns in the matrix
matrix(i,j)=cellvec{1,2};
end
end%matrix is generated with all elements set to default value
for ii=3:b%this loop runs from 3 to no of elements in cell vec
matrix(cellvec{1,ii}(1,1),cellvec{1,ii}(1,2))=cellvec{1,ii}(1,3);
end

Karnajit Banik
Karnajit Banik on 26 Jan 2022
Edited: Walter Roberson on 15 Oct 2022
function M = sparse2matrix(cellvec)
sz = cellvec{1};
val = cellvec{2};
M = val*ones(sz);
for i = 3:length(cellvec)
el = cellvec{i};
M(el(1), el(2)) = el(3);
end
end

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!