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Replacing Values Between a 0 and a 1 in a Vector

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Daniel Steyer
Daniel Steyer on 18 May 2020
Commented: Robert U on 25 May 2020
Hello,
I have a data set vector that I've reduced down to 0's, 1's, and 2's. What I want to do is replace any 2's with 0's if they are following a 0, up until the next 1 shows up. For example:
if the original vector: A = [0 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 0 0]
the new vector : B = [0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 0 0]
My vectors will have about 25,000 to 500,000 data points. Any way that I've tried to do this ends up taking way too long. I'd be appreciative of any advice that you'd be willing to give. If it helps, 0's will never be followed directly by 1's, and any 2's following a 0 will always lead into a 1 before the next 0 shows up.
Daniel

Accepted Answer

Robert U
Robert U on 18 May 2020
Hi Daniel Steyer,
this code snippet should provide the requested functionality.
cIn = cellfun(@num2str,num2cell(A),'UniformOutput',false);
strIn = [cIn{:}];
indToChange = regexp(strIn,'(?<=0)(2)+(?=1)','tokenExtents');
for indChanges = 1:numel(indToChange)
dInput(indToChange{indChanges}(1):indToChange{indChanges}(2)) = 0;
end
B = dInput;
Kind regards,
Robert
  3 Comments
Robert U
Robert U on 25 May 2020
Thanks Stephen, I did not see that. I like your suggested improvement.

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More Answers (1)

Stephen Cobeldick
Stephen Cobeldick on 18 May 2020
Edited: Stephen Cobeldick on 22 May 2020
This should be reasonably efficient:
A = [0,0,0,2,2,2,1,2,1,2,2,0,0];
D = diff(A);
B = find([0,D]==2);
E = find([D==-1,true] & A==2);
for k = 1:numel(B)
A(B(k):E(k)) = 0;
end
Giving:
A =
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 0 0
Note that this approach relies on your statement "...any 2's following a 0 will always lead into a 1..."
EDIT: more robust end detection:
A = [0,0,0,2,2,2,1,2,1,2,2,0,0,0,0,0,2,2,2,1,2,1,2,2,0,0];
D = diff(A);
B = find([false,D==2]);
E = find([D==-1,true]);
for k = 1:numel(B)
X = B(k):E(find(E>B(k),1));
A(X) = 0;
end
  3 Comments
Daniel Steyer
Daniel Steyer on 22 May 2020
The new version worked like a charm! Thanks for your help.

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