# Error - Failure in initial objective function evaluation. FSOLVE cannot continue.

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Ethan Goode on 23 Jul 2020
Commented: Ethan Goode on 23 Jul 2020
Hello all,
I am trying to solve a system of non-linear vector equations in MATLAB using fsolve.
Here is my function code:
function F = ekmodelProto(x)
global dni T L theta gam beta
n = 4;
p = ones(1, n);
x_ni = ones(n);
w = ones(1, n);
for i = 1:n
p(i) = x(i);
end
for i = n+1:n + (n.^2) - 1
for j = 1:n.^2
x_ni(j) = x(i);
end
end
for i = n+n.^2:2.*n+ n.^2
for j = 1:n
w(j) = x(i);
end
end
F = [(((gam.*(((dni.*((((p.^(1-beta)'))*((w.^beta)))))').^(-theta))*T)').^(-1/theta))-p;
((T'.*((1/p)'.*dni.*(((p.^(1-beta)'))*((w.^beta)))').^(-theta))')- x_ni;
((((x'*((w.*L)'))./L)')')-w];
end
And here is my script for getting the output:
x0 = 0.5.*ones(1, 24);
x0 = x0;
n = 4;
dni = ones(2);
T = ones(4,1);
L = ones(4,1);
theta = 4;
beta = 0.5;
gam = 1;
sol = fsolve(@ekmodelProto, x0);
For context the matrix in function F should be a n+2 x n matrix. For example, if n is 2 I expect to have a 6 x 2. This is because The first row is a vector equation equal to p which is a 1xn. The second row is equal to x_ni, which is an nxn, and the third row is equal to w which is an 1xn. I am getting the following error.
Matrix dimensions must agree.
Error in ekmodelProto (line 21)
F = [((gam.*(((dni.*((((p.^(1-beta)'))*((w.^beta)))))').^-theta)*T)')-p;
Error in fsolve (line 255)
fuser = feval(funfcn{3},x,varargin{:});
Error in getoutput2 (line 12)
sol = fsolve(@ekmodelProto, x0);
Caused by:
Failure in initial objective function evaluation. FSOLVE cannot continue.
Two errors are puzzling me. First, MATLAB is telling me that my matrix dimensions don't match up. I double checked and I can't find the error. Obviously, MATLAB is'nt lying. Second, I'm not sure why fsolve is having trouble parsing the initial guess. I am assuming it is shaped incorrectly. How should I shape it? When n = 4 I have 24 unknowns (4 p's, 16 x_ni's, and 4 w's). Is something else causing this error? (The way the function is written?)
##### 2 CommentsShowHide 1 older comment
Ethan Goode on 23 Jul 2020
Thank you for the advice. I am just now using matlab more seriously, and I have more of an economics background than a coding background. I appreciate all the recommendations on how to improve the quality of my code, and I'll certainly be implementing it!

Matt J on 23 Jul 2020
Edited: Matt J on 23 Jul 2020
Second, I'm not sure why fsolve is having trouble parsing the initial guess.
This is not a separate error. fsolve is simply telling you that it tried to call ekmodelProto(x0) and didn't get a result (because of the matrix dimension mismatch). It is always good to first test your objective function in isolation, and particularly at x0, before feeding it to fsolve, as I have done below.
First, MATLAB is telling me that my matrix dimensions don't match up. I double checked and I can't find the error.
When I execute,
clear
global dni T L theta gam beta
x0 = 0.5.*ones(1, 24);
x0 = x0;
n = 4;
dni = ones(2);
T = ones(4,1);
L = ones(4,1);
theta = 4;
beta = 0.5;
gam = 1;
ekmodelProto(x0)
and stop the code at line 21, I find that this quantity is 4x4
K>> ((((p.^(1-beta)'))*((w.^beta))))
ans =
0.5000 0.5000 0.5000 0.5000
0.5000 0.5000 0.5000 0.5000
0.5000 0.5000 0.5000 0.5000
0.5000 0.5000 0.5000 0.5000
while dni is 2x2
K>> dni
dni =
1 1
1 1
Therefore, you cannot multiply these two matrices together, as you attempt to do in line 21
K>> dni.*((((p.^(1-beta)'))*((w.^beta))))
Matrix dimensions must agree.
Ethan Goode on 23 Jul 2020
Hey! Thanks for the help. I guess I just needed someone else to look over my code! The solution was as simple as making sure dni was a 4x4.

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