Comparing strings with wildcards

280 views (last 30 days)
James on 26 May 2013
Commented: Flurin Arner on 25 Apr 2018
I have a number of strings that I'd like to check for a certain ending however the middle of the strings are all different (the middle of the strings are dates). They are of the format: wrfout****_PLEV or wrfout**** where ** is the date (all dates are of the same length). I basically want to find the strings that do not have _PLEV at the end.
I've tried using strcmp with wildcards but for some reason the creators decided it was a fantastic idea to ignore wildcards altogether which in my opinion negates a lot of potential uses of the strcmp function.
I've also tried using strncmp but that only allows you to specify the first n letters of a string to compare and not the last.
I then tried using simple inequalities, to obtain exactly which characters are the same, such as: 'wrfout****_PLEV == wrfout**** but as expected the different lengths of the strings prevented me from using this idea.
Any ideas as to how to do this or how to compare strings with wildcards would be very useful?
Thanks in advance James

Accepted Answer

Joao Henriques
Joao Henriques on 15 May 2014
There's a very simple way, just use regexptranslate:
regexp('abc123x', regexptranslate('abc*x'))
Will return 1 (beggining of matched string). If there's no match, regexp returns empty.
Flurin Arner
Flurin Arner on 25 Apr 2018
I wanted to add, that regexptranslate will throw an error 'MATLAB:minrhs Not enough input arguments.' like this.
You have to add 'wildcard', to regexptranslate() for it to work:
regexp('abc123x', regexptranslate('wildcard', 'abc*x'))

Sign in to comment.

More Answers (1)

the cyclist
the cyclist on 26 May 2013
Use the regexp() function.


Find more on Characters and Strings in Help Center and File Exchange

Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!