Repeating while loop to form matrix

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Jo
Jo on 4 Jun 2021
Commented: Bob Thompson on 4 Jun 2021
I am simulating a random walk, I have a while loop that creates an array of the distance the particle is from the starting point for each iteration. I would like to then take this while loop and repeat it to simulate multiple particles at once, and then create a matrix that combined all the previous arrays. I am trying to repeat the while loop with a for loop. RIght now it only gives me back the matrix but with one row (when in this example it should have 3) and when I get multiple rows its all of the same array. ANy help would be appreciated
i = 10; %iteration time step
t = 0; %current time
p = 0; % current position
d = 0; %distance from orgin
A = zeros(1,i);%array of distances
B = [1:i];
p = 3 %number of particles
multiple_distance=[] %matrix of distances
for ii = 3
while t < i
r=rand;
if r<0.5
l=1;
else
l=-1;
end
x = x + l;
d = abs(0-x);
t = t+1;
A(t)=x;
end
A
multiple_distance = [multiple_distance ; A]
end

Answers (1)

Bob Thompson
Bob Thompson on 4 Jun 2021
Edited: Bob Thompson on 4 Jun 2021
You've only indexed one value (ii = 3 means it will only ever be 3), which is why you're only getting one line completed.
for ii = 1:3 % Loops through all values from 1 to 3
while t < i
r=rand;
if r<0.5
l=1;
else
l=-1;
end
x = x + l;
d = abs(0-x);
t = t+1;
A(t)=x;
end
A
multiple_distance = [multiple_distance ; A]
end
I'm pretty sure this can be done without loops at all, but I'm going to have to spend a bit more time figuring out what the code is doing before I can give you an answer on that.
  4 Comments
Bob Thompson
Bob Thompson on 4 Jun 2021
I'm not sure I understand what you mean by 'regular' vs 'cumulative.' I gave cumulative values because you were previously tracking x, which was the cumulative of each step. If you just want to get the +/- for each step the A already has those.

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