Cannot import trained network

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yongbo chen
yongbo chen on 5 Jun 2021
Commented: yongbo chen on 19 Jun 2021
I trained a network using tensorflow 2.0 in windows 10. It works fine and can output the predicted result. However, when I try to use "net = importKerasNetwork('model.h5')", MATLAB has the following error:
Error using assembleNetwork (line 47)
Invalid network.
Error in nnet.internal.cnn.keras.importKerasNetwork (line 35)
Network = assembleNetwork(LayersOrGraph);
Error in importKerasNetwork (line 91)
Network = nnet.internal.cnn.keras.importKerasNetwork(modelfile, varargin{:});
Caused by:
Network: Missing output layer. The network must have at least one output layer.
Layer 'conv2d_8_OutputLayer_PLACEHOLDER': Unconnected output. Each layer output must be connected to the input
of another layer.
Layer 'conv2d_8_OutputLayer_PLACEHOLDER': Layer validation failed. Error using 'forward' in Layer
nnet.keras.layer.PlaceholderOutputLayer. The function threw an error and could not be executed.
Error using nnet.internal.cnn.layer.util.CustomLayerLegacyStrategy/forward (line 42)
Networks containing PlaceholderLayers cannot be trained or used for prediction. Either remove or replace
all PlaceholderLayers.
Any possible way to revise it? Thanks a lot.

Answers (2)

Divyam Gupta
Divyam Gupta on 8 Jun 2021
Hi Yongbo,
I understand that you're having an issue in importing a trained network. The error that I notice is that your network is missing an output layer. Please refer to the following answer on MATLAB Central which discusses a similar issue that you are facing:
Hope this helps.

Abhishek Gupta
Abhishek Gupta on 9 Jun 2021
As per my understanding, you are getting an error while importing a network.
If your network doesn't have a loss layer, then you need to import your network using importKerasLayers and add a custom output layer at the end, or you can convert the layerGraph to dlnetwork.
Referring to the following documentation, which might help you in resolving the issue: -
yongbo chen
yongbo chen on 19 Jun 2021
Thank you very much for your answer. I have revised the input and get the predict result. However, I find that the output of the network is totally different from the result from tensor flow using python. The trained network "lgraph" from tensorflow 2.4.1. Any possible way to solve this problem:
lgraph = importTensorFlowLayers('D:\models');
I = imread('D:\1.jpg');
dlX = dlarray(single(I),'SSCB');
dlnet = dlnetwork(lgraph);
dlY = predict(dlnet,dlX);
x = extractdata(dlY);

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