Let consider the case x=954
954 -> 122 -> 9 -> 81 -> 65 -> 61 -> 37 -> 58 -> 89 -> 145 -> 42 -> 20 -> 4 -> 16 -> 37
So 37 is seen twice, it should end up with 37, no ?
No, 89 shows up before 37 does
By the description at ProjectEuler.net, it seems M is correct in their statement. The description there reads: "continuously [...] form a new number until it [that number just formed] has been seen before." That is exactly what M has done. Project Euler says furthermore: "[...] EVERY starting number will eventually arrive at 1 or 89." That is _not_ the same as stating: "this number chain always terminates with either 1 or 89". The key difference is in "arrives at" (the number appears) versus "terminates with" (the number is the first to appear twice in the sequence). In M's example, the sequence truly 'terminates with' 37 (as M said), but before it terminates the sequence had 'arrived at' 89.
This solution requires Neural Network Toolbox
Back to basics 26 - Keywords
Sum of first n positive integers
Flip the vector from right to left
Find the 9's Complement
Spot the First Occurrence of 5
Specific Element Count
Clock Hand Angle 1
Great Circle Distance
Return the 'Size' of a String of Code
Number of 1s in the Binary Representation of a Number
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