# How to input a "sym" type equation into ODE45 to solve first order differential equation?

1 view (last 30 days)
haohaoxuexi1 on 5 Sep 2021
Commented: Star Strider on 6 Sep 2021
% Sample
close all;
clear all;
clc;
syms t tt;
a=1;
b=2;
c=3;
fs_d=50*t^2+60*t^4+70*t^9;
fd_d=diff(fs_d,t);
dTime=1e-6; % time step
Tfinal=timeduration; % time final
zeit=0:dTime:Tfinal; %
% ODE solver
% initial condition
x1_0=0;
dx1_0=0;
%ode45
options = odeset('RelTol',1.e-6);
[tt,dx] = ode45(@(tt,x) Output123(tt, x, a, b, c, fd_d, t), zeit, x1_0, options);
function dx = Output123(tt, x, a, b, c, fd_d, t)
tic;
%dx(1)=x(2);
dx=-a*subs(fd_d,t,tt)*b/(c)-x*(b/(c));
dx = dx'; % output result
toc;
end
The above the a sample code I want to achieve, it is a first order differential equation, the "subs" method works for second order differential equation.
Can anyone help me with this problem?
Thanks,

Star Strider on 5 Sep 2021
I do not understand what you are doing.
However the correct way to use a symbolic different ia equation with the numeric solvers would be something like this —
syms a b c t tt x
fs_d=50*t^2+60*t^4+70*t^9;
fd_d=diff(fs_d,t);
f=-a*subs(fd_d,t,tt)*b/(c)-x*(b/(c))
f =
Output123 = matlabFunction(f, 'Vars',{tt,x,a,b,c})
Output123 = function_handle with value:
@(tt,x,a,b,c)-(b.*x)./c-(a.*b.*(tt.*1.0e+2+tt.^3.*2.4e+2+tt.^8.*6.3e+2))./c
a=1;
b=2;
c=3;
timeduration = 1;
dTime=1e-6; % time step
Tfinal=timeduration; % time final
zeit=0:dTime:Tfinal; %
x1_0=0;
dx1_0=0;
options = odeset('RelTol',1.e-6);
[tt,x] = ode45(@(tt,x) Output123(tt, x, a, b, c), zeit, x1_0, options);
figure
plot(tt, x)
grid
Make appropriate changes to ger the resullt you want.
.
Walter Roberson on 5 Sep 2021
Then code it by hand if it is morally important for you.
Reminder: the ode*() functions strictly require that the output is double() or single(), but the output of subs() is always symbolic.
Star Strider on 6 Sep 2021
@Walter Roberson Thank you!

### Categories

Find more on Symbolic Math Toolbox in Help Center and File Exchange

R2018b

### Community Treasure Hunt

Find the treasures in MATLAB Central and discover how the community can help you!

Start Hunting!